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Understanding Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Disease

What Are the Treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases? continued...

Genital warts: There is no standard of treatment for genital warts. Most genital warts will disappear without treatment, so your doctor may choose to do nothing. However, you will still carry the virus that causes warts and can still transmit it to sex partners. If you do choose to treat the warts, you have several options. Freezing the warts or applying medication directly to them are often the first choices. If the warts do not respond to these options, surgery may be necessary to remove them. Remember, though, treatment does not rid you of the infection, and you can still transmit it to others.

Hepatitis B: The goal of hepatitis B treatment is to stop liver damage by preventing the virus from spreading. There are now five drugs approved for use in hepatitis B in adults and promising new drugs on the horizon. They are interferon alpha, pegylated interferon, lamivudine, adefovir, and entecavir. Each has pros and cons that you should discuss with your doctor. If you develop significant liver damage, a liver transplant may be necessary.

Trichomoniasis: Infection by this organism is treated with the drug metronidazole, and the cure rate is about 90%. The drug is usually taken orally, but women in their first three months of pregnancy may be prescribed a cream or suppository to insert into the vagina. If this is ineffective, they can be given metronidazole pills to take in the second or third trimesters.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Varnada Karriem-Norwood, MD on February 21, 2013

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