Since the discovery of the antibiotic penicillin, the incidence of
syphilis in the general population has dropped, as have many other infectious
diseases. But after hitting an all-time low in 2000, the rate of syphilis
infection has been going up.1
"Vaginitis" is a medical term used to describe various conditions that cause infection or inflammation of the vagina. Vulvovaginitis refers to inflammation of both the vagina and vulva (the external female genitals). These conditions can result from a vaginal infection caused by organisms such as bacteria, yeast, or viruses, as well as by irritations from chemicals in creams, sprays, or even clothing that is in contact with this area. In some cases, vaginitis results from organisms that are passed...
Syphilis is most common in sexually active women age 15 to 30 years and men 15 to 54 years old.2
About 6 out of 10 syphilis
infections affect men who have sex with men (MSM).1
There has been a rise in the number of people who
have both syphilis and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This is especially the case among men who have
sex with men (MSM).1
Open syphilis sores provide easy access to transmit or receive HIV
infection during sexual intercourse. This may be particularly important in
those parts of the country, such as the southern half of the United States,
where rates of both infections are high.
Syphilis without another sexually transmitted infection is now more
commonly seen in adults older than 30 years of age.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance 2009. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats09/default.htm.
Tramont EC (2010). Treponema pallidum (syphilis). In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 2, pp. 3035–3058. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Devika Singh, MD, MPH - Infectious Disease
September 29, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
September 29, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this