If someone in your immediate family has allergic tendencies, eczema may be the first sign that your baby shares that tendency, too, says pediatrician Chris Tolcher, MD, clinical assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of Southern California School of Medicine.
Eczema can start as early as your baby's second month. Symptoms can be mild and barely noticeable, or itchy and intense. Know the signs of baby eczema, how to treat it, and what eczema treatments to avoid.
9 Signs of Baby Eczema
Symptoms of eczema in babies include skin that is:
- Thick or leathery
- Crusting or oozing
- Has circular patches of red areas or light areas
Baby Eczema: Top Tips for Treatment
Eczema, sometimes called infantile eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammation of the outer layers of skin. The condition most often appears in children, though many outgrow it as they get older. For more severe cases of eczema, here are seven tips for treatment:
1. Avoid triggers.The problem with eczema is that skin is easily irritated, so "the main treatment is avoiding irritants," Tolcher tells WebMD. Triggers that may irritate your baby's eczema include:
- Dry air
- Animal dander
- Pollen, mold, and dust
- Harsh soaps and detergents
- Heat and sweating
2. Avoid scented products. What irritates eczema varies with each baby, says Tolcher, but start by avoiding fragrances in all products that touch baby's skin, including soaps, shampoos, and lotions. Opt instead for mild body soaps or soap-free cleansers such as Aquaphor Gentle Wash, Basis, Cetaphil, Dove, or Eucerin. Also avoid perfumed laundry detergents, fabric softeners, and dryer sheets, and select "baby friendly detergents" such as All Free and Clear, Dreft, Ivory Snow, and Purex.
3. Moisturize. Moisturizing is the foundation of healthy skin for people with eczema, says California dermatologist Wendy E. Robert, MD. You can soothe your baby's eczema symptoms by moisturizing skin at least two or three times daily, using a fragrance-free, hypoallergenic product. Look for oil-based ointments. These help lock in moisture better than lotions, which contain more water.