About one out of 10 kids will develop eczema, which is a skin condition related to allergies and inflammation. In eczema, skin can form small fluid-filled blisters that burst and ooze, causing the skin to become cracked, red, flaky, and itchy.
Corticosteroids can help keep eczema at bay, but parents are often afraid to employ them based on reports that long-term treatment may scar the skin, causing it to become thin, fragile, and more prone to stretch marks.
The study researchers, who were from Australia, say those reports were based on certain application methods of the medications, such as covering the treated area with plastic, that likely resulted in high doses being delivered to the skin.
“There are studies that go back 20 or 30 years that basically show that topical steroids, if they’re used properly, are not a problem, so what they show is not a surprise to me,” says Bernard Cohen, MD, director of pediatric dermatology at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center in Baltimore.
“Probably we need more literature like it because there are parents who are steroid phobic, there are physicians who are steroid phobic,” Cohen says, who was not involved in the study.
“It interferes with treating kids appropriately,” he says. “You’re sort of on a tightrope. If you undertreat kids, they’re miserable. They don’t sleep at night. It disrupts the family dynamic. The kid’s unhappy in school. It’s just a disaster.”
“With proper guidelines these kids can be treated very safely and effectively,” Cohen says.
The study is published in Pediatric Dermatology.
Looking for Skin Damage
For the study, researchers followed 70 children with eczema or eczema with psoriasis who had used topical corticosteroid medications for at least three months to control their skin conditions. The researchers compared them to 22 children with other kinds of skin conditions who had never used corticosteroids.
The average age of children in the study was 3.