Calcineurin inhibitors (pimecrolimus and tacrolimus)
are topical immunosuppressants-medicines that weaken your body's
immune system. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration
(FDA) recommends caution when prescribing or using Elidel (pimecrolimus) cream
and Protopic (tacrolimus) ointment because of a potential cancer risk.5 The FDA also stresses that these medicines only be used as
directed and only after trying other treatment options. Calcineurin inhibitors
are not approved for children younger than 2 years of age.
Antihistamines (such as diphenhydramine and
hydroxyzine) are often used to treat atopic dermatitis itch and to help you
sleep when severe night itching is a problem. But histamines are not always
involved in atopic dermatitis itch, so these medicines may not help all people
who have the condition. Don't give antihistamines to
your child unless you've checked with the doctor first.
It is possible that the main title of the report Dermatitis, Atopic is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
Coal tar preparations applied to the
skin may help reduce itching. But this medicine should not be used on skin that is very irritated, or it can make your skin problem worse. Tar preparations are sometimes used to control the condition
after a stronger medicine has successfully improved atopic dermatitis.
Mild- to moderate-strength corticosteroids that are applied to the skin,
together with heavy moisturizing, are effective in reducing atopic dermatitis
rash in most cases. Specific treatment depends on the
type of rash you have.
If you or your
child has a very mild itch and rash, you may be able to control it without
medicine by using home treatment and preventive measures. But if symptoms are
getting worse despite home treatment, it is essential that you use medical
treatment to prevent the itch-scratch-rash cycle from getting out of
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 30, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this