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Types of Eczema

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Seborrheic Dermatitis

This type of eczema is better known as dandruff. In infants, it affects the scalp. In adults, it also often affects these areas:

  • eyebrows
  • sides of the nose
  • area behind the ears
  • groin
  • center of chest

Seborrheic dermatitis causes skin to fall off in flakes. The condition may be due to an overgrowth of a type of yeast that normally lives in these areas, as well as an overgrowth and rapid shedding of cells on the scalp. It may be especially hard to treat in people whose immune systems aren't working properly, including people with AIDS.

Treatments vary between infants and people with the condition later in life. The treatments include:

  • Shampoo containing salicylic acid, selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, or coal tar
  • Antifungal treatments or steroid lotions that are rubbed onto affected areas
  • Steroid lotions

 

Stasis Dermatitis

This type of eczema can develop in people when the veins in their lower legs don't properly return blood to their heart.

Stasis dermatitis can arise quickly, causing weeping and crusting of the skin. Over time, this type of eczema can cause the skin to develop brown stains.

Treatments include:

  • Steroid creams or ointments
  • Creams or lotions that lubricate the skin
  • Moist compresses
  • Antibiotics to treat infections
  • Elevating the legs

 

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD on February 08, 2013
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