Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Skin Problems & Treatments Health Center

Font Size

Expert Q and A: Dealing With Rosacea

An interview with Jenny J. Kim, MD, PhD.
WebMD Feature
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

If you're embarrassed by the redness, flushing, and prominent blood vessels that characterize rosacea, you're not alone.

An estimated 14 million Americans, mainly fair-skinned, blue-eyed, blonde men and women between the ages of 30 and 50, suffer from the chronic skin disorder. And nearly three-fourths say that the condition lowers their self-esteem and self-confidence, says Jenny J. Kim, MD, PhD, associate professor of dermatology at the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine.

Recommended Related to Skin Problems & Treatments

Tattoo with Dermabrasion

Read the Tattoo with Dermabrasion article > >

Fortunately, there are new treatments that can help, she tells WebMD. At the recent meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology in Miami Beach, Fla., Kim discussed the common skin disorder.

What causes rosacea?

That's not fully understood. But a recent study suggests that a small protein called cathelicidin within the skin is processed differently in rosacea patients and induces inflammation that may contribute to rosacea.

If you ask patients, the most common triggering factor is sun, followed by heat, spicy food, alcohol, and stress. Caffeine and citric acid are also known triggers.

How is rosacea treated?

It's very difficult because we don't really know what causes rosacea. We're using some anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial treatments but we're not really sure how much they'll help.

For rhinophyma -- the large, bulb-shaped, ruddy, oily nose that some patients suffer -- surgical treatments are sometimes necessary.

Of course, avoiding the triggering factor is very important.

A few new treatments are available. One recently approved oral treatment is low-dose doxycycline -- it's an anti-inflammatory type of antibiotic. So it only targets inflammation and appears to have few side effects for rosacea patients.

In the last few years, lasers and light therapy have been added to drug therapy. For example, pulsed-dye lasers work well for people with lots of broken blood vessels, and both pulsed-dye laser and intense pulsed-light treatments are effective at treating the redness on the face and flushing associated with rosacea.

Basically the pulsed-light lasers will go down one wavelength and destroy the red cells -- so it makes some of the redness go away. Intense pulsed light is where you don't get one wavelength but you get lots of light to destroy some of pigmentation as well as the redness.

While multiple treatments are usually needed, lasers and light treatments are very effective and produce long-lasting results.

Additionally, a number of topical medications have been introduced to treat rosacea. Two that work well are metronidazole and azelaic acid.

Today on WebMD

Pictures and symptoms of the red, scaly rash.
woman with dyed dark hair
What it says about your health.
woman with cleaning products
Top causes of the itch that rashes.
atopic dermatitus
Identify and treat common skin problems.
itchy skin
shingles rash on skin
woman with skin tag
Woman washing face
woman washing her hair in sink
close up of womans bare neck
woman with face cream