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You know you have dandruff. You see it every day. But there are things you can do to get it under control.

  1. 1Use a medicated dandruff shampoo with at least one of these ingredients: zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, sulfur, ketoconazole, or salicylic acid. Experiment with different medicated shampoos until you find one that works for you. Be sure to follow directions. 
  2. 2Shampoo often. Just how often depends on your hair and scalp. Many people should shampoo every day.
  3. 3If you find you need to shampoo more than once a day to control redness, itchiness, and irritation, don't just shampoo more often. See a dermatologist for help.
  4. 4Let medicated shampoo sit on your scalp -- not just your hair -- for a few minutes. Give it time to work.
  5. 5If you like another shampoo because of the smell or how it makes your hair feel, you can use that, too. But use the medicated shampoo first.
  6. 6If you've been doing all the right things but your dandruff returns, try mixing it up. Sometimes your scalp can get used to one product after a while. Try a new one or see your dermatologist for a prescription shampoo.
  7. 7When you brush your hair, use long strokes from the root to the ends. This spreads the oil evenly through your hair. But don't brush too much. That can stimulate your oil glands to work too hard, making dandruff worse. 
  8. 8If your scalp is very itchy, try a nonprescription cortisone cream or lotion. Part your hair and rub the cream or lotion on your scalp, not your hair. Follow directions carefully. Overusing cortisone products can make dryness and inflammation worse, or cause other side effects. Let your dermatologist know that you're using cortisone cream.
  9. 9If these steps don't do the trick, see your dermatologist for help getting your dandruff under control. 
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