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Skin Problems & Treatments Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Skin Problems & Treatments

  1. Spitz Nevus

    Spitz nevus. A 1-cm raised red dome-shaped nodule that suddenly appeared on the shoulder of a child.

  2. Trachyonychia

    Trachyonychia (twenty nail dystrophy of childhood). Any skin disease that affects the nail matrix may result in an abnormal nail plate. There are children, though, who only manifest dystrophy of the nail without any other cutaneous lesions, a condition that has been termed twenty nail dystrophy of childhood. The nails have a rough, sandpaper-like quality as well as longitudinal ridging and occasional splitting at the distal nail edge. Similar nail changes can be seen in lichen planus and alopecia areata. In many patients the condition spontaneously regresses.

  3. Vascular Malformations on Hand

    Vascular malformations. These are congenital malformations that consist of capillary, venous, arterial, or lymphatic abnormalities. There are often combined alformations that comprise different types of vessels. Examples of vascular malformations include port-wine stains (capillary malformation), cystic hygroma (lymphatic malformation), and venous malformations. Vascular malformations are present at birth and grow proportionately with the child. Some vascular malformations may not manifest themselves until adolescence or adulthood. These figures represent venous malformations on the hand and foot.

  4. Seborrheic Keratosis

    Seborrheic keratoses are noncancerous (benign) skin growths that some people develop as they age. They often appear on the back or chest, but can occur on any part of the body.

  5. Transient Neonatal Pustular Melanosis

    Transient neonatal pustular melanosis. This is a benign neonatal dermatosis that is most common among African- American infants. The original lesion is a vesiculopustule, which may be present at birth. This small blister quickly ruptures and leaves a typical collarette of superficial scale processes. Tzanck smear of a pustule of erythema toxicum neonatorum will reveal numerous eosinophils but no multinucleated giant cells or bacteria. Occasionally, peripheral eosinophilia is also present. The cause of this condition is not known, and it resolves spontaneously within 10 days. No treatment is required.

  6. Varicella-Zoster Virus Infection on Chest Wall

    Varicella-zoster virus infection: herpes zoster in T8 to T10 dermatomes. Typical grouped vesicles and pustules with erythema and edema of three contiguous thoracic dermatomes on the posterior chest wall.

  7. Verruca Plana

    Verruca plana. Scattered flat-topped papules increasing in number on the dorsum of a child's hand.

  8. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Systemic lupus erythematosus. Image illustrates cutaneous involvement of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the classic butterfly pattern on the face. This macular and intensely erythematous eruption is frequently aggravated by sun exposure and may flare with other symptoms of systemic disease.

  9. Sweet's Syndrome

    Sweet's syndrome. Erythematous plaques and nodules with central bullous changes on a child's knee.

  10. Serum Sickness

    Serum sickness. Urticarial, coalescing plaques on the lower legs of an adolescent with serum sickness.

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