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Skin Problems & Treatments Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Skin Problems & Treatments

  1. Scabies

    Scabies. Papular and vesicular lesions in the axilla of a child infested with scabies.

  2. Varicella Chickenpox

    Varicella Chickenpox. Varicella Chickenpox is caused by a virus of the herpes group. The disease is highly contagious and is spread by droplet or direct contact. The incubation period for chickenpox ranges from 11 to 21 days. Prodromal symptoms consist of low-grade fever, headache, anorexia, and malaise. On the following day, the characteristic rash begins to appear. The lesions evolve from erythematous macules to form small papules. Quickly, a clear vesicle arises on this erythematous base. The classic lesion of chickenpox has been poetically described as a “dewdrop on a rose petal.” Over the next several days, the vesicles rupture and then crust. The rash begins on the chest and back and spreads centrifugally to involve the face, scalp, and the extremities. New lesions of chickenpox arise in crops over a period of several days.

  3. Tuberous Sclerosis (Fibrous Plaque)

    Tuberous sclerosis, fibrous plaque. Raised skin-colored plaque on the forehead of a child representing a connective tissue nevus.

  4. Skin Tags

    A skin tag is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk. Skin tags are not dangerous.

  5. Trachyonychia

    Trachyonychia (twenty nail dystrophy of childhood). Any skin disease that affects the nail matrix may result in an abnormal nail plate. There are children, though, who only manifest dystrophy of the nail without any other cutaneous lesions, a condition that has been termed twenty nail dystrophy of childhood. The nails have a rough, sandpaper-like quality as well as longitudinal ridging and occasional splitting at the distal nail edge. Similar nail changes can be seen in lichen planus and alopecia areata. In many patients the condition spontaneously regresses.

  6. Warts

    After acne, warts are the most common dermatological complaint. Three out of four people will develop a wart (verruca vulgaris) at some time in their lives.

  7. Xerosis

    Xerosis. The accentuation of skin markings and fine scale illustrated here are typical of xerosis. The tendency toward dry skin tends to be inherited and is more common in families with a history of atopy. Low humidity, usually related to dry heat during the winter months, is an aggravating factor. Treatment of xerosis is aimed at rehydrating the stratum corneum. Emollients containing urea or alpha-hydroxy acids are particularly effective. Excessive bathing and the use of alkaline soaps must be avoided.

  8. Is Eczema in Kids Linked to Allergies and Asthma?

    A look at the connection between allergies, asthma, and your child's eczema.

  9. Food and Eczema Flares in Children

    A look at the connection between diet and eczema flares in children.

  10. Pre-Op Norwood IV-V

    Pre-op Norwood IV-V.

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