MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus, is a virulent bacterium that causes antibiotic-resistant infections, killing about 90,000 patients a year. Because it has been hard to battle, it is sometimes called a “superbug.”
The study is published in ACS Nano, a journal of the American Chemical Society.
New Coating 100% Effective
In tests, 100% of MRSA bacteria were killed within 20 minutes of contact with a surface painted with latex paint laced with the coating, the researchers say. The coating is made with lysostaphin, a naturally occurring enzyme, combined with carbon nanotubes.
“We’re building on nature,” Jonathan S. Dordick, PhD, director of Rensselaer’s Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, says in a news release. “Here we have a system where the surface contains an enzyme that is safe to handle, doesn’t appear to lead to resistance, doesn’t leach into the environment, and doesn’t clog up with cell debris.”
When the superbugs came in contact with a painted surface, “they’re killed,” he says.
How It Works
Lysostaphin works by attaching itself to the bacterial cell wall, slicing it open, but is not toxic to human cells, Dordick says.
Researcher Ravi S. Kane, PhD, says the enzyme is attached to the carbon nanotube with a short, flexible polymer link, improving its ability to reach the MRSA bacteria.
“The more the lysostaphin is able to move around, the more it is able to function,” Dordick says.
Kane and Dordick worked With Dennis W. Metzger, PhD, and Ravi Pangule, a graduate student in chemical engineering, at Albany Medical College, where Metzger maintains strains of MRSA.
“At the end of the day, we have a very selective agent that can be used in a wide range of environments -- paints, coating, medical instruments, doorknobs, surgical masks -- and it’s active and it’s stable,” Kane says. “It’s ready to use when you’re ready to use it.”