Cold sores, sometimes called fever blisters, are groups of small blisters on
the lip and around the mouth. The skin around the blisters is often red,
swollen, and sore. The blisters may break open, leak a clear fluid, and then
scab over after a few days. They usually heal after several days to 2
Cold sores are caused by the herpes simplex virus
(HSV). There are two types of herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Both
virus types can cause lip and mouth sores and genital herpes.
The herpes simplex virus usually enters the body through a break in the skin
around or inside the mouth. It is usually spread when a person touches a cold
sore or touches infected fluid-such as from sharing eating utensils or razors,
kissing an infected person, or touching that person's saliva. A parent who has
a cold sore often spreads the infection to his or her child in this way. Cold
sores can also be spread to other areas of the body.
Read more about symptoms and treatments for cold sores.