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Varicella Chickenpox

Picture of Varicella Chickenpox

Varicella Chickenpox. Varicella Chickenpox is caused by a virus of the herpes group. The disease is highly contagious and is spread by droplet or direct contact. The incubation period for chickenpox ranges from 11 to 21 days. Prodromal symptoms consist of low-grade fever, headache, anorexia, and malaise. On the following day, the characteristic rash begins to appear. The lesions evolve from erythematous macules to form small papules. Quickly, a clear vesicle arises on this erythematous base. The classic lesion of chickenpox has been poetically described as a “dewdrop on a rose petal.” Over the next several days, the vesicles rupture and then crust. The rash begins on the chest and back and spreads centrifugally to involve the face, scalp, and the extremities. New lesions of chickenpox arise in crops over a period of several days.

Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology

Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal

Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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WebMD Image Collection Reviewed by Varnada Karriem-Norwood, MD on January 10, 2015

Sources

Sources: Color Atlas of Pediatric Dermatology

Samuel Weinberg, Neil S. Prose, Leonard Kristal

Copyright 2008, 1998, 1990, 1975, by the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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