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Dermoid Cyst

Exams and Tests for Dermoid Cysts

Prior to removal of superficial dermoid cysts on the face, a person should know the difference between cysts and other facial growths.

  • Because dermoid cysts stem from birth and grow slowly, a person usually notices them during childhood or early adulthood.
  • Dermoid cysts are firm and painless unless ruptured.
  • Dermoid cysts are not attached to the overlying skin.

In rare cases, a dermoid cyst extends into a structure deeper than skin, such as a facial cavity or an orbit. Some doctors recommend a CT scan or other imaging studies for these cases. This decision depends on the doctor’s suspicion of a deep-level cyst and after a determination of risk versus benefit.

Dermoid Cyst Home Remedies

Self-removal of facial cysts at home is not recommended, because the cyst will grow back if not completely removed. Chances of infection, bleeding, and other complications increase for people who remove dermoid cysts themselves, especially because the person may not be able to differentiate between a harmless growth and other, more serious skin growths.

Medical Treatment for Dermoid Cysts

To remove a dermoid cyst, the doctor will clean the area over which the cyst is located, inject a local anesthetic, and make an incision directly over the cyst and attempt remove it completely.

Outlook for Dermoid Cysts

Barring the possible complications associated with any surgery, removal of a dermoid cyst usually results in complete recovery.

WebMD Medical Reference from eMedicineHealth

Reviewed by Debra Jaliman, MD on November 02, 2013
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