pressure sores develop when you or a person you are
caring for is hospitalized or confined to a chair or bed. You can take steps to
prevent pressure sores. After a pressure sore has developed, you can help
prevent the sore from getting worse. To prevent or help heal pressure
Minimize constant pressure, sliding across
sheets or other surfaces, and slumping down in a chair or bed. You reduce the
risk of pressure sores if all areas of the skin and tissue receive an adequate
layers or foam alternatives on chairs and beds, which helps prevent
new pressure sores in people older than age 18 at risk of developing pressure
sores.4 If you want to try the special sheepskin or
foam, talk to your doctor about where to buy it. These are special products
for medical use, not the usual foam or sheepskin.
Frequently reposition yourself or the person you are caring
for to help reduce the risk of developing new pressure sores or irritating
current sores. Talk with your doctor about how often to change
Talk with your doctor about pressure-relieving products that
might help you. Some products, such as doughnut-type devices, may actually
cause or aggravate pressure sores.
Keep yourself or the person you are caring for
active, if possible.
Inspect skin daily, especially around
bony areas such as along the spine, at the lowest part of the back, around
the hips, elbows, and knees, and at the back of the head and heels. When a
pressure sore is forming, skin temperature is often warmer-but can be
cooler-than the skin around it, and the skin can feel either firmer or softer
than the surrounding skin.