Keep your skin clean and free of sweat, urine, and feces. Wash with gentle soap and warm (not hot) water. Don't scrub the skin too hard.
If you have problems with bowel or bladder control, clean the skin right away. Use a barrier cream or lotion to protect your skin from moisture.
If you have dry skin, use moisturizing cream or lotion to keep your skin from drying out and cracking.
Know what pressure sores look like, and check your skin every day. Pay special attention to bony areas, such as the hips, elbows, knees, and heels. Also check places where the skin folds over itself. Have someone else look at areas you can't see.
Make healthy choices
Eat healthy foods with enough protein, and get plenty of fluids. That can help damaged skin heal and help new skin grow.
Stay at a healthy weight. Both weight gain and weight loss can make pressure sores more likely.
Don't smoke. Smoking dries the skin and reduces its blood supply.
Talk to your doctor about pressure-relieving cushions and pads
There are special pads to put on top of a mattress to help it fit your body's shape better. And there are cushions that can reduce pressure on certain areas of the body.
Ask your doctor which cushions and pads might help you. Some products, such as doughnut-type devices, may actually cause pressure sores or make them worse.