Skin Changes - Prevention
Most noncancerous skin bumps, spots, and
growths can't be prevented. But there are steps you can take to help
prevent some skin problems:
- Prevent irritation.
- Wear soft, cotton clothing or moleskin under
sports equipment (if possible). Parts of equipment, such as chin straps, can
rub your skin spots and irritate them.
- Avoid wearing clothing that
is too tight.
- Adjust your clothing so that belts, straps, or
elastic from your bra or underwear don't rub against spots.
- Decrease the chance of skin infection.
- Wash with lukewarm water and a mild soap or
cleanser. Do not use deodorant soaps or soaps and skin cleansers that contain
- Rinse your skin
thoroughly after you wash it.
- Gently pat your skin
- Avoid squeezing any lumps that form under the
- Wash soon after participating in activities that cause you to
- Avoid skin care products that contain oil, which may clog
your pores. Instead, use water-based skin care products. Read the labels on
products and look for the terms oil-free, hypoallergenic, and
Most skin cancer can be prevented. Use the following tips to
protect your skin from the sun. You may decrease your chances of developing
skin cancer and help prevent wrinkles.
Avoid sun exposure
The best way to prevent a
sunburn is to avoid sun exposure.
Stay out of the midday sun (from
10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon), which is the strongest sunlight. Find
shade if you need to be outdoors. You can also calculate how much
ultraviolet (UV) exposure you are getting by using the
shadow rule: A shadow that is longer than you are means UV exposure is low; a
shadow that is shorter than you are means the UV exposure is high.
Other ways to protect yourself from the sun include wearing protective
clothing, such as:
- Hats with wide
4 in. (10 cm) brims that cover
your neck, ears, eyes, and scalp.
- Sunglasses with UV ray
- Loose-fitting, tightly woven clothing that covers your
arms and legs.
Preventing sun exposure in children
start protecting your child from the sun when he or she is a baby. Because
children spend a lot of time outdoors playing, they get most of their lifetime
sun exposure in their first 18 years.
- It’s safest to keep babies younger than age 6 months out of the sun. If you can’t keep your baby out of the sun, cover your child’s skin with hats and clothing. Protect any bare skin with a small amount of sunscreen that is
sun protection factor (SPF) 15 or higher.
- Teach children the ABCs of how to protect
their skin from getting sunburned.
- A = Away. Stay away from the sun in the
middle of the day (from 10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon).
- B = Block. Use a sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher to protect
babies' and children's very sensitive skin.
- C = Cover up. Wear clothing that covers the
skin, hats with wide brims, and sunglasses with UV protection. Even children 1
year old should wear sunglasses with UV protection.
- S = Speak out. Teach others to protect their
skin from sun damage.