Burton CS, et al. (2008). Cutaneous changes in venous and lymphatic insufficiency. In K Wolff et al., eds., Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine, 7th ed., pp. 1679–1686. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Habif TP (2010). Stasis dermatitis and venous ulceration: Postphlebitic syndromes section of Eczema and hand dermatitis. In Clinical Dermatology: A Color Guide to Diagnosis and Therapy, 5th ed., pp. 122–129. Edinburgh: Mosby Elsevier.
Katz DL, Friedman RSC (2008). Diet and wound healing. In Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 2nd ed., pp. 271–274. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Nelson EA, Jones J (2008). Venous leg ulcers, search date September 2007. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
Raju S, Neglen P (2009). Chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. New England Journal of Medicine, 360(22): 2319–2327.