Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier
WebMD

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started
My Medicine
WebMD

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion
    WebMD

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community
    WebMD

    Community

    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

Font Size
A
A
A

Sleep and Chronic Illness

A chronic illness is an illness that lasts for a long time. It usually cannot be cured, but it can be controlled. Examples include diabetes, arthritis, HIV/AIDS, lupus, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and multiple sclerosis.

The pain and fatigue that people with chronic illness experience have a serious impact on their daily lives, including sleep. Because of their illness, they often have trouble sleeping at night, and are consequently sleepy during the day. This is especially the case for people who have neurological (nervous system) diseases, such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Additionally, many people with chronic illnesses also suffer from depression, which can also affect their sleep. Lastly, some drugs used to treat chronic illnesses can cause sleep problems.

Recommended Related to Sleep Disorders

5 Steps for Stopping a Sleepwalker

Janice used to think her husband's sleepwalking was funny. He fumbled through the dark, often muttered incoherently, and occasionally walked into walls. But she stopped laughing when he made his way to the garage one night and started the car. Experts estimate that sleepwalking afflicts between 1% and 15% of the general population. It's more common in children -- especially those between the ages of 3 and 7 -- than in adults. According to the National Sleep Foundation's 2004 Sleep in America Poll,...

Read the 5 Steps for Stopping a Sleepwalker article > >

Treatments for Sleep With Chronic Pain

Control Pain

The first step is to try to control the pain associated with the illness. Once pain is controlled, sleeping may not be a problem. Your doctor can prescribe the appropriate pain relieving medication that suits your condition.

Behavioral modifications

If after following adequate pain control, you are still experiencing problems with sleep, these tips may help:

  • Keep noise in the room and surrounding area down as much as possible.
  • Sleep in a dark room.
  • Keep the room temperature as comfortable as possible.
  • Eat or drink foods that induce sleep, such as warm milk.
  • Avoid naps during the day.
  • Avoid foods that contain caffeine.

There are a number of other non-medicinal approaches that are effective for sleep, including biofeedback, relaxation training, cognitive behavioral therapy, and sleep restriction techniques. These therapies are most often administered by a psychologist who specializes in sleep disorders.

Medications

If behavioral modifications and non-medical methods are not effective, there are several prescription medications to help people sleep. These drugs include sleeping pills like Ambien, Lunesta, Rozerem, and Sonata, as well as benzodiazepines, such as Restoril; antidepressants, such as Zoloft, Paxil, and Prozac; antihistamines; and antipsychotics. For patients who have chronic pain and depression, insomnia may best be treated with Trazodone or a tricyclic antidepressant, such as Pamelor or Elavil.

Talk to your doctor to find the best sleep solution for you.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by David T. Derrer, MD on September 01, 2014
Next Article:

What do you take when pain keeps you awake?