Sleepy Americans Put Health at Risk

Research Shows One-Third of U.S. Adults Aren’t Getting Enough Sleep

From the WebMD Archives

March 3, 2011 -- About a third of adults in the U.S. may be getting less than seven hours of sleep per day, putting themselves at risk for serious health problems, according to two new CDC studies.

Who gets enough sleep and the consequences of insufficient shut-eye varies according to age, gender, ethnic group, educational level, and other factors, the studies indicate.

Both studies are published in the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report for March 4, 2011.

In the first study, based on 2009 data from 74,571 adults in 12 states, 35.3% of adults reported getting less than seven hours of sleep in an average 24-hour period. The National Sleep Foundation recommends seven to nine hours of sleep per day for healthy adults.

Among the key findings:

  • 4.7% of respondents say they had fallen asleep while driving at least once in the past 30 days.
  • 7.3% of people who got less than seven hours of sleep report nodding off at the wheel, compared to 3% who got more.
  • 37.9% of those questioned said they had fallen asleep unintentionally during the day at least one time in the past month.
  • Of those who fell asleep unintentionally, though not while driving, 46.2% got less than seven hours of sleep, compared to 33.2% who got more.
  • 48% of those surveyed said they snored. Snoring also was reported more by people who got less than seven hours of sleep.

Falling Asleep at the Wheel

Nodding off while driving apparently varies by age. Among people aged 65 or older, only 2% said they had fallen asleep at the wheel in the previous 30 days. But 3.1% of people ages 55 to 64 acknowledged nodding off while driving, compared to 3.9% for those 45-54. The study says 7.2% of adults 25 to 34 admitted falling asleep off while driving, the highest percentage of any age group.

Also, of the total sample, 5.8% of men said they nodded off while driving, compared to 3.5% of women.

“Drowsy driving, one of the most lethal consequences of inadequate sleep, has been responsible for an estimated 1,550 fatalities and 40,000 non-fatal injuries annually in the U.S.,” according to the authors of the first study. “Sleepiness reduces vigilance while driving, slowing reaction time and leading to deficits in information processing, which can result in crashes.”