What is insomnia?
People with insomnia have
problems falling asleep or staying asleep. You may wake up during the night or
wake up too early the next morning. Without enough sleep, you may feel sleepy
during the day. This can make you more likely to have an accident, and it also
makes driving dangerous. You may feel grumpy from lack of sleep. Some people
have trouble remembering things, don't get as much done, and don't enjoy being
with family and friends. Some people use caffeine to help them get over feeling
tired, but this may make their insomnia worse.
Insomnia is a
common problem that affects almost everyone at some point. Having trouble
sleeping from time to time is often linked to short-term stress. It can last
for days to weeks. It often gets better in less than a month.
insomnia can turn into a long-term sleep problem, especially when you worry
about not sleeping well. This is called chronic insomnia. It is often a symptom
of another health problem, such as depression or chronic pain. Chronic insomnia
is less common than short-term sleep problems.
How can sleeping pills help?
Sleep medicines may
provide fast relief from the symptoms of insomnia. They can help you break the
cycle of poor sleep quality and daytime fatigue while you work on the problems
that are causing your insomnia. Sleeping pills can also be helpful when you
just have trouble now and then falling asleep. But they work best as a
There are different types of sleeping
pills. Talk to your doctor about your choices.
What are the risks of taking sleeping pills?
Sleeping pills do not work as well over time as do lifestyle and behavior
changes, such as getting more exercise and changing your sleep environment,
your schedule, or what and when you eat and drink. Sleeping pills can also
become habit-forming. You may come to rely on them so much that you can't sleep
When you take sleeping pills, you may have side
effects such as feeling anxious or sick to your stomach (nauseated) or feeling
sleepy or drowsy during the day.
Medicine works best and is
safest as a short-term treatment combined with lifestyle changes. In the long
run, lifestyle changes are the most helpful treatment for insomnia.
If you need more information, see the topic