THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE.
It is intended for informational
purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice,
diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking
treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think
you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial
American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International classification of sleep disorders, 2nd ed: Diagnostic and coding manual, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Westchester, IL 2005.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed, text revision, American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC 2000.
Consensus Development Panel, Freedman D, chair. Drugs and insomnia: The use of medications to promote sleep. JAMA 1984; 251:2410.
Insomnia:assessment and management in primary care. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Working Group on Insomnia. Am Fam Physician 1999; 59:3029.
Holbrook, AM, Crowther, R, Lotter, A, et al. The diagnosis and management of insomnia in clinical practice: a practical evidence-based approach. CMAJ 2000; 162:216.
Chokroverty, S. Diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders caused by co-morbid disease. Neurology 2000: S4-S8.
Whitney CW, Enright PL, Newman AB, Bonekat W, Foley D, Quan SF. Correlates of daytime sleepiness in 4578 elderly persons: The Cardiovascular Health Study. Sleep, 1998; 21(1):27-36.
Janson C, DeBacker W, Gislason T, Plaschke P, Bjornsson E, Hetta J, Kristbjarnarson H, Vermeire P, Boman G. Increased prevalence of sleep disturbances and daytime sleepiness in subjects with bronchial asthma: a population study of young adults in three European countries. Arch Intern Med, 1997; 157:2645-2652.
Smith-Coggins R, Rosekind MR, Hurd S, Buccino KR. Relationship of day versus night sleep to physician performance and mood. Ann Emerg Med, 1994. 24(5):928-34.
Loponen M, Hublin C, Kalimo R, Manttari M, Tenkanen L. Joint effect of self-reported sleep problems and three components of the metabolic syndrome on risk of coronary heart disease. J Psychosom Res, 2010; 68(2):149-58.
Asleep at the Wheel: The Prevalence and Impact of Drowsy Driving, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, November 2010.
Medscape, "Restless Legs Syndrome Treatment & Management."
National Sleep Foundation, "Menopause and Sleep."
National Sleep Foundation, "Napping."
Brooks A, Lack L. A brief afternoon nap following nocturnal sleep restriction: which nap duration is most recuperative? Sleep, 2006; 29(6):831-40.
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, RLS Fact Sheet for Media
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Sleep Deprivation Fact Sheet for Media
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Insomnia Fact Sheet for Media
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Narcolepsy Fact Sheet for Media
American Academy of Sleep Medicine, OSA Fact Sheet for Media
Eberhart R, Hu X, Foresman BH. Dangers of sleepiness and inattention while driving. JAOA, 2000; 100(8 Suppl):S9-14.
Tworoger SS, Yasui Y, Vitiello MV, Schwartz RS, Ulrich CM, Aiello EJ, Irwin ML, Bowen D, Potter JD, McTiernan A. Effects of a yearlong moderate-intensity exercise and a stretching intervention on sleep quality in postmenopausal women. Sleep, 2003;26(7):830-6.
Peppard P, Austin D, Brown R. "Association of Alcohol Consumption and Sleep Disordered Breathing in Men and Women," Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, April 15, 2007.