If you smoke, you've likely heard the pleas from friends and family to quit.
You probably know that smoking makes heart
disease, stroke, cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and other killers more likely. You might
even know that smoking is the No. 1 cause of preventable death in the U.S. and
But knowing about long-term risks may not be enough to nudge you to quit,
especially if you're young. It can be hard to feel truly frightened by
illnesses that may strike decades later. And quitting smoking is hard. As many
as 75%-80% of smokers say they'd like to quit. But it takes the average
smoker five to 10 attempts before successfully quitting.
Psychosocial research in cancer genetic counseling and testing focuses on the interest in testing among populations at varying levels of disease risk, psychological outcomes, interpersonal and familial effects, and cultural and community reactions. It also identifies behavioral factors that encourage or impede surveillance and other health behaviors. Data resulting from psychosocial research can guide clinician interactions with patients and may include:
For some smokers, it's the little things that motivate quitting. Things like
the smell it leaves on your clothes, the way people react when they find out
you're a smoker, the stains it leaves on your teeth -- everyday aggravations
that can add up to a tipping point to kick the habit.
Here are 10 common daily side effects of smoking that often create the
incentive to quit.
1. Smelling like smoke
There's no mistaking the smell of cigarette smoke, and it's not one many
people describe favorably.
Steven Schroeder, MD, director of the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center at
the University of California at San Francisco, says that smokers are commonly
self-conscious about the smell of smoke on their clothes and in their hair. And
the smell of their breath is one of particular sensitivity to most smokers.
"Some of the media campaigns have compared kissing a smoker to licking an
ashtray," Schroeder says. Enough said.
2. Sense of smell and taste
Smelling like an ashtray isn't the only impact smoking has on the nose.
Smokers also experience a dulling of their senses; smell and taste in
particular take a hit when you smoke.
Smokers can't appreciate the taste of many foods as intensely as they did
before smoking, but it's really the loss of the sense of smell that diminishes
the ability to taste, notes Andrew Spielman, DMD, PhD, associate dean for
academic affairs and professor of basic science and craniofacial biology at the
NYU School of Dentistry. Breathing in the hot fumes of cigarette smoke is toxic
to the senses.
Some smokers realize that foods don't taste the way they used to, but the
process can be quite gradual, making it difficult to detect. Quitting brings a
swift return of the senses.
"I can't tell you how many smokers who have successfully quit come back to
the clinic and say eating is a totally different experience," says Michael
Fiore, MD, MPH, founder and director of the University of Wisconsin Center for
Tobacco Research and Intervention. "The pleasure of eating is dramatically
enhanced when smokers quit. And it happens within a few days but can continue
for up to three to six months."