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Stroke Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Stroke

  1. Stroke: Speech and Language Problems - Topic Overview

    Some people have speech and language problems after a stroke. These problems may involve any or all aspects of language use, such as speaking, reading, writing, and understanding the spoken word. Speech and language problems (aphasia) usually occur when a stroke affects the right side of the body. Trouble communicating can be very frustrating. When you talk to someone who has had a stroke, be patient, understanding, and supportive.The following are tips for helping someone who has speech and language problems:Speak directly to him or her—not to a companion, even if that person is an interpreter—and speak in second, not third, person: How are you feeling today?Maintain eye contact.Speak slowly and simply in a normal tone of voice. People who have speech and language problems are not deaf.Give him or her adequate time to respond.Listen carefully.Focus on what the person is saying, not how he or she is saying it.Don't fill in with a word or sentence unless you are asked.Ask the

  2. Stroke Rehabilitation - Health Tools

    Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I put my loved one who has had a stroke in a nursing home?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Managing eating problems after a stroke ...

  3. Smoking and Stroke Risk - Topic Overview

    Smoking injures blood vessel walls and speeds up hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis). As a result, the heart works harder, and blood pressure may increase. Cigarette smoking increases your risk for transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke.Heavy smokers are at greater risk for TIA and stroke. Daily cigarette smoking can increase the risk of stroke by 2½ times.1The risk of stroke and TIA decreases for those who quit smoking. If you smoked less than one pack a day and you quit, within 5 years your risk will be the same as though you had never smoked.1

  4. Stroke Symptoms - Topic Overview

    If you have symptoms of a stroke,seek emergency medical care. Symptoms may include: Sudden numbness,tingling,weakness,or paralysis in your face,arm,or leg,especially on only one side of your body. Sudden vision changes. Sudden trouble speaking. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements. Sudden problems with walking or balance. A sudden,severe headache that is ...

  5. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - Surgery

    information on carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting, surgical procedures to reduce the risk of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).

  6. Stroke Guide - Surgery

    When surgery is being considered after a stroke, your age, prior overall health, and current condition are major factors in the decision.

  7. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - What Increases Your Risk

    The risk factors for a transient ischemic attack (TIA) are the same as those for a stroke.

  8. Stroke Risk and Carotid Endarterectomy - Topic Overview

    Please answer the following questions: Risk of stroke with or without carotid endarterectomy How much carotid stenosis do you have? Have you had symptoms (TIA or mild stroke)? 70% or more Yes No 60–69% Yes No 50–59% Yes No Less than 50% Yes No Don't know Yes No ...

  9. Stroke Guide - When To Call a Doctor

    Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if you or someone you know develops signs of stroke.

  10. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - Medications

    Learn about medications that are often prescribed for someone who has had a transient ischemic attack (TIA).

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