Stroke Rehabilitation - What to Expect After a Stroke
Initial disabilitiesYour disabilities and your ability to get better after a stroke depend on: Which side of the brain was affected (whether it is your dominant side).Which part of the brain was damaged by the stroke.How much of the brain was damaged.Your general health before the stroke.Disabilities after a stroke may include problems with muscles and movement. These include:Weakness on one side
Stroke: Getting Dressed - Topic Overview
A stroke often affects movement and use of one side of the body, so getting dressed is often difficult for people after a stroke.Getting dressed may be easier if you use stocking/sock aids, rings or strings attached to zipper pulls, and buttonhooks. Talk with a nurse or physical therapist about assistive devices that may help you get dressed. Clothing may be easier to put on if it has features such as:Velcro closures.Elastic waistbands and shoelaces.Snaps and grippers.To make getting dressed easier:Lay out your clothes in the order that you will put them on, with those you will put on first on top of the pile.Sit down while you dress.Put your affected arm or leg into the piece of clothing first, before the unaffected arm or leg.Removing clothing that has to go over your head may be difficult. To undress after a stroke has affected an arm or leg, remove the stronger arm or leg from the clothing first, then slip out your affected arm or leg.
Stroke: Your Rehabilitation Team - Topic Overview
Rehabilitation after a stroke usually involves a number of health professionals. These may include the following people.Doctors and nursesRehabilitation doctor. The rehabilitation doctor is in charge of your medical care after a stroke. This may be a physiatrist (a doctor who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation), a neurologist, or a primary care doctor.Rehabilitation nurse. A rehabilitation nurse specializes in nursing care for people with disabilities. He or she can provide nursing care and helps doctors coordinate medical care. A rehabilitation nurse can also educate both you and your family about recovering from a stroke.Rehabilitation therapistsPhysical therapist. A physical therapist evaluates and treats problems with movement, balance, and coordination. The physical therapist can provide you with training and exercises to improve walking, getting into and out of bed or a chair, and moving around without losing your balance. The physical therapist also teaches
Hemorrhagic Stroke - Topic Overview
A hemorrhagic stroke develops when a blood vessel (artery) in the brain leaks or bursts (ruptures). This causes bleeding: Inside the brain tissue (intracerebral hemorrhage). Near the surface of the brain ( subarachnoid hemorrhage or subdural hemorrhage ). A common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage is the rupture of an aneurysm. Hemorrhagic strokes are not as common as strokes caused by a blood ...
Stroke: Speech and Language Problems - Topic Overview
Some people have speech and language problems after a stroke. These problems may involve any or all aspects of language use, such as speaking, reading, writing, and understanding the spoken word. Speech and language problems (aphasia) usually occur when a stroke affects the right side of the body. Trouble communicating can be very frustrating. When you talk to someone who has had a stroke, be patient, understanding, and supportive.The following are tips for helping someone who has speech and language problems:Speak directly to him or her—not to a companion, even if that person is an interpreter—and speak in second, not third, person: How are you feeling today?Maintain eye contact.Speak slowly and simply in a normal tone of voice. People who have speech and language problems are not deaf.Give him or her adequate time to respond.Listen carefully.Focus on what the person is saying, not how he or she is saying it.Don't fill in with a word or sentence unless you are asked.Ask the
Driving a Car After a Stroke - Topic Overview
You cannot drive after having a stroke until your doctor says that you can. This may be hard to accept. You may feel that this is a big loss of independence. But any problems with your vision, speech, or ability to move quickly after a stroke can change your ability to drive safely. You need your doctor's approval for the safety of yourself and others.After your doctor says that you can drive, talk to the motor vehicle department and ask about the rules for people who have had a stroke. You may need to take classes, be tested again, and have changes made to your car. Some stroke rehab centers give driver training classes.If you cannot drive because of problems from your stroke, check with your stroke rehab center about programs that offer special vans that can take you to and from places. Senior groups and volunteer agencies may also offer transportation services.
Stroke - Prevention
For some people, stroke prevention may begin after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) - a warning sign that a stroke may soon occur. Prompt medical attention may help prevent a stroke.
Stroke Guide - Home Treatment
After a stroke, home treatment will be an important part of your rehabilitation.You may need to use assistive devices to help you eat, get dressed, and walk.
Stroke: Perception Changes - Topic Overview
When a stroke occurs on the right side of the brain,a person's ability to judge distance,size,position,rate of movement,form,and the way parts relate to the whole is affected (spatial-perceptual problems). People with these problems may have more trouble learning to care for themselves. Signs of perception problems are often noticed by the caregiver of a person who has had a stroke. ...
Stroke Symptoms - Topic Overview
If you have symptoms of a stroke,seek emergency medical care. Symptoms may include: Sudden numbness,tingling,weakness,or paralysis in your face,arm,or leg,especially on only one side of your body. Sudden vision changes. Sudden trouble speaking. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements. Sudden problems with walking or balance. A sudden,severe headache that is ...