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Stroke Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Stroke

  1. Driving a Car After a Stroke - Topic Overview

    You cannot drive after having a stroke until your doctor says that you can. This may be hard to accept. You may feel that this is a big loss of independence. But any problems with your vision, speech, or ability to move quickly after a stroke can change your ability to drive safely. You need your doctor's approval for the safety of yourself and others.After your doctor says that you can drive, talk to the motor vehicle department and ask about the rules for people who have had a stroke. You may need to take classes, be tested again, and have changes made to your car. Some stroke rehab centers give driver training classes.If you cannot drive because of problems from your stroke, check with your stroke rehab center about programs that offer special vans that can take you to and from places. Senior groups and volunteer agencies may also offer transportation services.

  2. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - Exams and Tests

    Read about exams and tests doctors use to diagnose transient ischemic attack (TIA).

  3. Stroke and TIA: Who Is Affected - Topic Overview

    About 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. About 610,000 are first strokes, and about 185,000 are recurrent attacks:1Stroke is a leading cause of death, after heart disease and cancer.Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.Women are less likely than men to have a stroke in almost all age ranges. But because women live longer than men, their lifetime risk of stroke is higher than for men. And more women than men die from strokes every year.Blacks are almost twice as likely as whites to have a stroke.The exact number of people who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not known for certain, because people do not always recognize a TIA. And about half of the people who have had a TIA don't ever see a doctor for it. It is estimated that about 200,000 TIAs are diagnosed by a doctor in the United States each year. Men, African Americans, and Mexican Americans have TIAs more often than women and people of other races.1

  4. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - What Happens

    Find out why a transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a warning sign of stroke risk.

  5. High Blood Pressure, Transient Ischemic Attack, and Stroke - Topic Overview

    High blood pressure (hypertension) is considered the most important and most treatable risk factor for transient ischemic attack (TIA) and stroke. Proper treatment of high blood pressure can reduce the chance of having a TIA or stroke. High blood pressure increases the pressure inside arteries,causing damage. Excessive pressure on the walls of vessels speeds up hardening and narrowing of the ...

  6. Stroke: Life-Threatening Complications - Topic Overview

    Complications that threaten a person's life may develop soon after stroke symptoms occur. Preventing these complications is a major focus of initial stroke treatment. Life-threatening complications include: Increased pressure on the brain,which develops when the brain swells after a large stroke. Such swelling occurs quickly,becomes most severe within 3 to 5 days after the stroke,and can ...

  7. Stroke: Problems With Ignoring the Affected Side - Topic Overview

    Some people who have had a stroke have problems seeing in some or all of the normal areas of vision. For example, people with left-sided paralysis may have difficulty seeing to the left. If the problem is due to a vision loss, most people learn to make up for this loss by turning their heads. If the person does not turn his or her head to the affected side, that side of the body may be ignored or neglected.Caregivers may notice signs that the person is ignoring the affected side, such as:Mentioning or responding to stimulation only on the unaffected side of the body.Using only the unaffected arm or leg.Looking only to the environment on the unaffected side.Noticing only someone who speaks or approaches from the unaffected side of the body.Responding to only half of the objects he or she would normally see, such as eating from just one side of the plate.Not recognizing the affected arm and leg as belonging to his or her body and thinking that they belong to someone else.Thinking that

  8. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - Topic Overview

    What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)? Some people call a transient ischemic attack (TIA) a mini - stroke, because the symptoms are like those of a stroke but do not last long.

  9. Stroke Symptoms - Topic Overview

    If you have symptoms of a stroke,seek emergency medical care. Symptoms may include: Sudden numbness,tingling,weakness,or paralysis in your face,arm,or leg,especially on only one side of your body. Sudden vision changes. Sudden trouble speaking. Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements. Sudden problems with walking or balance. A sudden,severe headache that is ...

  10. Stroke: Changes in Emotions - Topic Overview

    Emotional reactions after a stroke may be different from normal emotional reactions.The reaction may have little or no obvious connection with what is happening around the person.Often reactions can be easily interrupted by diverting the person's attention.People who have had a stroke—usually in the front part of the brain or in the brain stem—can lose emotional control and may switch from crying to laughing for no apparent reason.Crying appears to be the most frequent problem. Crying can be a symptom of depression, which is a medical condition that requires treatment. Untreated depression can interfere with recovery. And it can have a significant impact on enjoyment of life. Medicine may be needed to help control emotional responses and treat depression. People who have had a stroke may act differently because they feel isolated and have vision problems. They may:Become irritable, confused, or restless.Sometimes have false beliefs (delusions).Have hallucinations.This is more

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