Carotid Endarterectomy for TIA and Stroke
Carotid endarterectomy is surgery to remove plaque buildup in the carotid arteries.
Self-Care After a Stroke - Topic Overview
After a stroke, keep in mind that you are the most important person in your own recovery. You need to have a major say in the decisions about your care. This may be hard for you, and you may sometimes feel like sitting back and letting others take charge.Make sure others understand that you want to be involved in the decisions about your care.State your wishes and opinions on matters that affect you. Talk with your doctor about your concerns. Ask questions.If you need extra time to think or you have trouble talking, try not to let others make decisions for you without hearing what you have to say.If you have a speech problem, you may have trouble getting others to understand your wishes. Ask someone to help you express your ideas and needs. Or write them down if you can. If you feel that anyone is talking down to you or speaking about you as if you were not present, express your concern. Know and follow your rehabilitation (rehab) plan. Most people find that rehab is hard work and a
Stroke: Perception Changes - Topic Overview
When a stroke occurs on the right side of the brain,a person's ability to judge distance,size,position,rate of movement,form,and the way parts relate to the whole is affected (spatial-perceptual problems). People with these problems may have more trouble learning to care for themselves. Signs of perception problems are often noticed by the caregiver of a person who has had a stroke. ...
Stroke: Behavior Changes - Topic Overview
Depending on what part of the brain was affected by a stroke,the way a person acts may be different from how he or she acted before the stroke. A person who was very concerned about details before a stroke may become sloppy and care little about personal appearance after a stroke. Because these problems may be annoying,it is easy to think that there is an emotional or psychological problem. ...
Stroke and TIA: Who Is Affected - Topic Overview
About 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. About 610,000 are first strokes, and about 185,000 are recurrent attacks:1Stroke is a leading cause of death, after heart disease and cancer.Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.Women are less likely than men to have a stroke in almost all age ranges. But because women live longer than men, their lifetime risk of stroke is higher than for men. And more women than men die from strokes every year.Blacks are almost twice as likely as whites to have a stroke.The exact number of people who have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA) is not known for certain, because people do not always recognize a TIA. And about half of the people who have had a TIA don't ever see a doctor for it. It is estimated that about 200,000 TIAs are diagnosed by a doctor in the United States each year. Men, African Americans, and Mexican Americans have TIAs more often than women and people of other races.1
Stroke: Life-Threatening Complications - Topic Overview
Complications that threaten a person's life may develop soon after stroke symptoms occur. Preventing these complications is a major focus of initial stroke treatment. Life-threatening complications include: Increased pressure on the brain,which develops when the brain swells after a large stroke. Such swelling occurs quickly,becomes most severe within 3 to 5 days after the stroke,and can ...
Stroke: Memory Tips - Topic Overview
A stroke often causes memory problems. If your family member has problems with memory: Set a daily routine,if possible. Warn the person about upcoming changes in routine. Someone who has had a stroke may be very sensitive to minor changes in the daily activities. Give short instructions. People with memory problems can remember only small amounts of information at a time (short retention ...
Tissue Plasminogen Activator (t-PA) for Stroke
Drug details for Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for stroke.
Hemorrhagic Stroke - Topic Overview
A hemorrhagic stroke develops when a blood vessel (artery) in the brain leaks or bursts (ruptures). This causes bleeding: Inside the brain tissue (intracerebral hemorrhage). Near the surface of the brain ( subarachnoid hemorrhage or subdural hemorrhage ). A common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage is the rupture of an aneurysm. Hemorrhagic strokes are not as common as strokes caused by a blood ...
Stroke: Hesitant or Impulsive? - Topic Overview
Depending on which side of the brain was affected by a stroke, the way a person approaches tasks may be different than it was before the stroke.Stroke on the left side of the brainPeople who have had a stroke on the left side of the brain tend to be slow, cautious, and disorganized when they are doing unfamiliar activities. They appear anxious and hesitant, which is often quite different from the way they were before the stroke.It may be helpful to offer reassurance or words of encouragement. But don't praise someone for imaginary progress.Offer praise after each step in a task. Allow time for self-correction of mistakes. If the person cannot correct the mistake, point out the error and give a hint.Stroke on the right side of the brainPeople who have had a stroke on the right side of the brain tend to be impulsive and act too quickly. They may act as if they are unaware of their problems. They often try to do things that are beyond their abilities and that may be unsafe, such as