A TIA occurs when blood flow to an area of the brain is temporarily disrupted. TIA symptoms include: numbness or weakness in the face, arm or leg; confusion; double vision or loss of vision; dizziness; and trouble walking or talking. The symptoms come on suddenly and typically resolve within one to two hours without causing any permanent neurologic damage.
In the new study, people who experienced a TIA had about a 1% risk of heart attack per year, which is double that of people in the general population. The increased risk persisted for years, and was most pronounced among people younger than 60. The average time between TIA and heart attack was five years, the study shows.
“Patients who have had a TIA but do not have known [coronary artery disease] have approximately twice the risk for subsequent [heart attack], compared to the general population,” conclude study researchers who were led by Robert D. Brown, Jr., MD, MPH, chair of the neurology department at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. “These data support the existing concept that careful attention to the primary prevention of [heart disease] is warranted in all patients who have TIA [and] that screening for asymptomatic [heart disease] may be useful in select TIA patients.”
People who were taking statins to lower their cholesterol were also at greater risk for heart attack after a TIA, the new report showed.
TIAs Are Warning Signs
Stephen Green, MD, associate director of the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories at North Shore University Hospital in Manhasset, N.Y., says that TIAs should be viewed as red flags for heart attacks and strokes.