Stroke Affecting Younger People Worldwide: Study
Preventive measures urgently needed to reverse this trend, researchers say
"Despite some improvements in stroke prevention and management in high-income countries, the growth and aging of the global population is leading to a rise in the number of young and old patients with stroke," Maurice Giroud, Agnes Jacquin and Yannick Bejot from the University of Burgundy in France, wrote in an accompanying editorial in The Lancet.
"Urgent preventive measures and acute stroke care should be promoted in low-income and middle-income countries, and the provision of chronic stroke care should be developed worldwide," the editorialists suggested.
Graeme Hankey, from the University of Western Australia, wrote an accompanying editorial in The Lancet Global Health.
"Key priorities in the quest to reduce the global and regional burden of stroke are prevention of hemorrhagic stroke, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries, and in people younger than 75 years," Hankey noted.
"Population-based mass strategies to reduce consumption of salt, calories, alcohol and tobacco by improving education and the environment will complement high-risk strategies of identifying those at risk of hemorrhagic (and ischemic) stroke," Hankey wrote.
All these strategies would empower at-risk people "to improve their lifestyle behaviors and, if necessary, lower their mean blood pressure and blood pressure variability with appropriate doses of antihypertensive [blood pressure-lowering] drugs," Hankey concluded.