Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) - Topic Overview
Your doctor will start you on
medicines to help prevent a stroke. You may need to take several
If tests show that the blood vessels (carotid arteries) in your neck are too narrow, you may
need surgery to open them up (carotid endarterectomy). This can help prevent
blood clots that block blood flow to your brain.
Another type of surgery is
carotid artery stenting. During this surgery, the doctor puts a small tube
stent inside your carotid artery. This helps keep the
artery open. Carotid artery stenting is not as common as endarterectomy.
How can you prevent another TIA or stroke?
After you have had a
TIA, you are at risk for having another TIA or a stroke. But you can make some important
lifestyle changes that can reduce your risk of stroke and improve your overall
Treat any health problems you have
Adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Don't smoke or allow others to smoke around you.
- Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women.
- Stay at a healthy weight. Being overweight makes it more likely that you will develop high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes. These conditions make a stroke more likely.
- Do activities that raise your heart rate. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. Walking is a good choice. You also may want to do other activities, such as running, swimming, cycling, or playing tennis or team sports.
- Eat a balanced diet that is low in cholesterol, saturated fats, and salt. These foods can make hardening of the arteries worse. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Eat fish at least once a month.
Frequently Asked Questions