Your doctor will start you on
medicines to help prevent a stroke. You may need to take several
If tests show that the blood vessels (carotid arteries) in your neck are too narrow, you may
need surgery to open them up (carotid endarterectomy). This can help prevent
blood clots that block blood flow to your brain.
Another type of surgery is
carotid artery stenting. During this surgery, the doctor puts a small tube
stent inside your carotid artery. This helps keep the
artery open. Carotid artery stenting is not as common as endarterectomy.
After you have had a
TIA, you are at risk for having another TIA or a stroke. But you can make some important
lifestyle changes that can reduce your risk of stroke and improve your overall
Manage high blood pressure or high cholesterol by working with your doctor.
Manage diabetes. Keep your blood sugar levels within a target range.
If your doctor recommends that you take aspirin or a blood thinner, take it. This can help prevent a stroke.
Take your medicine exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think you are having a problem with your medicine.
Don't smoke or allow others to smoke around you.
Limit alcohol to 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women.
Stay at a healthy weight. Being overweight makes it more likely that you will develop high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes. These conditions make a stroke more likely.
Do activities that raise your heart rate. Get at least 30 minutes of exercise on most days of the week. Walking is a good choice. You also may want to do other activities, such as running, swimming, cycling, or playing tennis or team sports.
Eat heart-healthy foods. These include fruits, vegetables, high-fiber foods, fish, and foods that are low in sodium, saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol.