Thrombolysis, also known as thrombolytic therapy, is a treatment to dissolve dangerous clots in blood vessels, improve blood flow, and prevent damage to tissues and organs. Thrombolysis may involve the injection of clot-busting drugs through an intravenous (IV) line or through a long catheter that delivers drugs directly to the site of the blockage. It also may involve the use of a long catheter with a mechanical device attached to the tip that either removes the clot or physically breaks it up.
If you've had a transient ischemic attack (TIA), you may need further testing and treatment after you've been checked by your doctor. If you have a high risk of stroke, you may have to stay in the hospital for treatment.
Your treatment for a TIA may include taking medicines to prevent a stroke or having surgery to reopen narrow arteries.
Taking aspirin or another antiplatelet medicine to
prevent strokes. For more information, see Medications.
diabetes. Your doctor will advise that you try to keep
your blood sugar levels in a target range. To do this, you may
need to take oral medicines or insulin. Eating a healthy diet and getting
plenty of exercise will also help.
Getting a flu shot every year to
help you avoid getting sick from the
You may also need to make lifestyle changes such
as quitting smoking, eating heart-healthy foods, and being more active. For more information, see Prevention.