Close-up of bubbles in a soda bottle
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Watch Out for Bubbles and Fizz

Carbonated drinks of club soda, seltzer water, and other "sparkling" waters may irritate sensitive bladders. So if you have overactive bladder (OAB), also called urinary "urge incontinence," limit how much you take in. If your taste runs to Champagne or other sparkling wines, keep in mind that both the fizz and the alcohol could trigger problems.

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Cappuccino With Cookies
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Caffeine Can Make You Go Early and Often

Coffee, tea, energy drinks, and colas can all lead to more bathroom visits.  Drinks that have it also contain acid, which can bother the bladder. Try decaf drinks, low-acid coffees, and non-citrus herbal teas

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Assortment of Chocolate Truffles
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Choose White Chocolate Instead

Bad news: Chocolate has caffeine and acid. So eat less of it, and don’t snack on it late in the evening. You could try white chocolate instead, since it has little or no caffeine.

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Close-up of an tangerine segment
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Citrus Might Be Your Bladder’s Pet Peeve

Oranges, grapefruits, clementines, lemons, and limes are all acidic and can make it harder to control the urge to pee, whether you eat them or drink their juice. If you think a certain food might be setting off your symptoms, stop eating it for a while, then slowly add small amounts back in to your diet to see if things change.

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Slice of Pineapple
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Be Aware of Acidic Fruits

You may find that pineapple isn't your friend either. That's because -- you guessed it -- it’s acidic, just like citrus. If you're looking to add a tropical perk to a dish, use shredded coconut instead.

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Pico De Gallo
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Too Many Tomatoes Can Trigger The Urge

This acidic food can bother your bladder and make OAB symptoms worse. You may have to cut back on tomato-based foods like spaghetti sauce, chili, and ketchup, too.

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Pile of Cranberries
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Cranberries: Friend and Foe to the Bladder

They help some people avoid getting bladder and urinary tract infections. But because they’re acidic, these berries and juices made from them could spell trouble if you have OAB. Another perk of eating less acidic foods? It may help tame heartburn

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Red wine in glass with bottle, close up
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Less Alcohol Equals More Control

Beer, wine, liquor -- alcohol in any form makes you need to pee more. It also interferes with brain signals to the bladder about when to go. So limit how much you drink, or stop drinking if you have sensitivity.

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Still life with spices
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Know Your Spice Limits

Four-alarm chili. Fiery salsa. Wasabi. Hot eats like these may do more than tingle your taste buds or make your eyes water. You can dial down the spiciness without making your diet bland, though. Just test out how much heat you can handle without affecting your bathroom habits. It may take some trial and error. Everyone’s tolerance is different.

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artifical sweetener
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Curb Your Sweets

Artificial sweeteners, sugar, and honey may set off your symptoms. Take a break from them and see what happens.

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Slices of Red Onion
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Avoid Raw Onions

Cook them to make them easier on your system. You could also switch to the milder, onion-like shallot, too.

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Banana, Grapes, and Apples
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Choose Carefully From the Fruit Basket

It’s not just citrus fruits that can trigger the need to pee. Other fruits like apples, bananas, and grapes could be to blame, too. If you think a certain food has caused you extra trips to the bathroom, try a little test. Stop eating it for a while, then start again in small amounts to see if the symptoms return.  

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Cheese Assortment
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Skip the Rich and Creamy on the Cheese Platter

Some people find that these treats make OAB symptoms worse, especially aged cheeses and sour cream. If your bladder can't handle the real things, switch to imitation sour cream or processed, non-aged cheese.

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Bowl of Prunes
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Good for Digestion, but Can Bug OAB

If you're taking medication for OAB, prunes can help you manage the constipation that may go along with it. But these sweet, dried fruits can bug your bladder. One way to help handle constipation is to get more fiber. So eat plenty of fiber-rich produce, like peas and carrots.

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Condiments on Table
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Go Light on Condiments

Soy sauce, vinegar, ketchup, mayonnaise... lots of condiments contain acids or other problem ingredients. Give your meals zing with bladder-friendly spices like rosemary, dill, thyme, and garlic instead.

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Can of Processed Meat
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Ditch Processed Foods for a Home-Cooked Meal

Artificial flavors, preservatives, and additives like MSG and benzyl alcohol may irritate the bladder. Read nutrition labels carefully to avoid them. Another good way to control what's in your food is to cook at home more often. Use fruits, vegetables, and whole grains that you know won’t bother you.

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Woman holding a plate of barbecue food and salad
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Do Some Detective Work

Let's say you have coffee and an orange with breakfast, a soda with lunch, a chocolate bar as a mid-afternoon snack, and spicy Thai food with a nice glass of wine for dinner. That may sound yummy, but any of those things might affect your bladder. Ask your doctor if it would help to take a break from certain foods and add them back one at a time to see if it makes a difference. 

 

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 08/12/2015 Reviewed by Stuart Bergman, MD on August 12, 2015

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REFERENCES:

Amano Artisan Chocolate: “How Much Caffeine is in Chocolate?”

AUA Foundation: "Loss of Bladder Control."

Cleveland Clinic: “Bladder Irritating Foods,” “Overactive Bladder.”

Columbia Health: “Go Ask Alice.”

Cystitis & Overactive Bladder Foundation: “OAB Diet.”

Duke Health: “Water, Water Everywhere.”

FEMA Ready.gov: "Managing Water."

Interstitial Cystitis Foundation: “Understanding the Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome Diet,” “The IC & Prostatitis Diet List.”

Interstitial Cystitis Network: “2012 ICN Food List.”
 

Mayo Clinic: “Overactive bladder.”

 

Lindt: “Lindt Frequently Asked Questions.”
 

National Association for Continence: "Overactive Bladder,” ”Urinary Incontinence.”

Oregon.gov: Ensuring Quality Care: “Toileting.”

Rematerialize: “Urinary Incontinence Tips and Info.”

Urology Care Foundation: “It's Time to Talk about OAB.”

Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center: “Urology: Our Top Ten Food Trigger List.”

Yale Medical Group: “Thirst and Dehydration.”

Reviewed by Stuart Bergman, MD on August 12, 2015

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.