Larsson MD, et al. (2009). Cesarean section and risk of pelvic organ prolapse: A nested case-control study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 200(3): 243.e1-243.e4.
Other Works Consulted
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2011). Vaginal placement of synthetic mesh for pelvic organ prolapse. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 513. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 118: 1459-64.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2007, reaffirmed 2011). Pelvic organ prolapse. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 85. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 110(3): 717-729.
Cain JM, et al. (2010). Pelvic floor dysfunction. In FC Brunicardi et al., eds., Schwartz's Principles of Surgery, 9th ed., pp. 1488-1490. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Deng DY (2008). Female urology and sexual dysfunction. In EA Tanagho, JW McAninch, eds., Smith's General Urology, 17th ed., pp. 611-624. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Feiner MC, et al. (2010). Surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse in women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5).
Gleason JL, et al. (2012). Pelvic organ prolapse. In JS Berek, ed., Berek and Novak's Gynecology, 15th ed., pp. 906-939. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Lentz GM (2012). Anatomic defects of the abdominal wall and pelvic floor. In GM Lentz et al., eds., Comprehensive Gynecology, 6th ed., pp. 453-474. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.
Onwude JL (2012). Genital prolapse in women, search date August 2011. BMJ Clinical Evidence. Available online: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
Reynolds RK, Loar PV (2010) Gynecology. In GM Doherty, ed., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Surgery, 13th ed., pp. 966-984. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Winters JC, et al. (2012). Vaginal and abdominal reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse. In AJ Wein et al., eds., Campbell-Walsh Urology, 10th ed., vol. 3, pp. 2069-2114. Philadelphia: Saunders.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this