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Vaccine Schedule for Adults

Hepatitis A Vaccine

How it is given: By injection.

How often/when to get it: First dose any time after age 1; second dose at least 6 months later.

Who should get it? People of all ages who:

  • Live in a community with a high rate of hepatitis A
  • Are men having sex with other men
  • Use street drugs
  • Work in or travel to countries with high rates of hepatitis A
  • Have chronic liver disease
  • Receive blood products to help with clotting
  • Work with hepatitis A-infected animals or in a hepatitis A research setting

Hepatitis B Vaccine

How it is given: By injection.

How often/when to get it: You'll get a series of three injections. One month after the first dose, you'll get the second dose. The third dose should be given at least 2 months after the second, but at least 4 months after the first dose.

Who should get it? Adults of all ages at risk for hepatitis B infection, including those who:

  • Have diabetes
  • Have sex with or live in the same house with an infected person
  • Have sex with more than one partner
  • Are men having sex with other men
  • Seek treatment in a clinical for sexually transmitted diseases, HIV testing or treatment, or drug treatment
  • Inject drugs
  • Have end-stage kidney disease or are on hemodialysis
  • Have HIV
  • Work in, or are a client of, an institution for the developmentally disabled
  • Have chronic liver disease
  • Live in, or travel for 6 months to a year, in countries where hepatitis B is common
  • Are prisoners in correctional facilities

HPV vaccine (Human Papillomavirus)

How it is given: In a series of three injections.

How often/when to get it: Preferably in preteen years. The second shot is given 1 to 2 months after the first. The third shot is given 6 months after the first.

Who should get it? Young women and some men up to age 26 who didn't receive it as preteens or teenagers, preferably before they've become sexually active.

MMR vaccine (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) Schedule

How it is given: By a single dose that offers protection against measles, mumps, and rubella.

How often/when to get it: One injection, in some cases followed by a booster 4 weeks later.

Who should get it? Non-pregnant adults who were born after 1957 and have not had measles, mumps, and rubella, or do not have lab evidence of immunity, should get one or more doses.

Varicella (Chickenpox)

How it is given: By injection.

How often/when to get it: Any time, in two doses given at least 4 weeks apart.

Who should get it? Healthy adults who are not pregnant, haven't had chickenpox before, and have no evidence of immunity to it.

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