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Vaccines You Need if You Have HIV or AIDS

What Kinds of Vaccines Do People With HIV Need? continued...


Recommended for Some Adults Who Are HIV-Positive

Hepatitis A virus (HAV)

two shots over 6 months

  • Recommended for health care workers, men who have sex with men, injection drug users, people with chronic liver disease, hemophiliacs, and people traveling to certain parts of the world.
  • Effective for at least 20 years.

Hepatitis A/Hepatitis B combined virus (Twinrix)

three shots over one year

  • This is available for people who require both HAV and HBV vaccinations.

Haemophilus influenzae type B (bacterial meningitis)

one shot

  • Discuss the need for this vaccination with your health care provider.

Meningococcal (bacterial meningitis)

one shot

  • Recommended for college students, military recruits, and people traveling to certain parts of the world.


If You Travel Out of the Country

If you have HIV, be sure to get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B. Make sure your routine vaccines are up to date and that you have the ones that are required by the country you're traveling to. However, make sure these are the inactivated, not the live, vaccines. If an inactivated version is not available, do not get the live vaccine. Examples of live vaccines include some forms of typhoid fever vaccine and yellow fever vaccine. Instead, have your doctor provide a letter explaining that you are medically unable to be vaccinated.


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by David T. Derrer, MD on February 27, 2014

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