Anthrax is an infectious disease caused
by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. In response to the
use and possible future use of anthrax as a biological weapon, the following
recommendations have been made:1, 2
Only people at high risk of exposure should be
given the anthrax vaccine. This may include certain lab workers, people who
work with imported animals where insufficient preventive standards are in place
(such as veterinarians who travel to work in other countries), and certain
Anthrax vaccination is not recommended for the general public
because of their low risk of infection and because supplies of the vaccine are
The anthrax vaccination is given in a series of five
injections over 18 months followed by annual boosters.
The pneumococcal vaccine prevents serious blood, brain, and lung infections due to the Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. Such infections are called pneumococcal disease -- they also include pneumonia, meningitis, and septicemia.
Pneumococcal disease is a serious health threat that can lead to death. Many strains of Streptococcus pneumonia are resistant to currently used antibiotics. Infection with the bacteria is a leading cause of serious illness in adults and children worldwide. In the U.S. alone,...
Check updated recommendations from the United States government on the
Web site for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2000). Use of anthrax vaccine in the United States:
Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.
MMWR, 49(RR-15): 1-20. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr4915a1.htm.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002).
Notice to readers: Use of anthrax vaccine in response to terrorism.
Supplemental recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization
Practices. MMWR, 51(45): 1024-1026. Available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5145a4.htm.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Christine Hahn, MD - Epidemiology
June 14, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
June 14, 2010
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