You may need to have the
typhoid fever vaccine, especially if you are traveling
to an area where the risk of typhoid fever is high. These areas include Central
and South America, Africa, and Asia. Your doctor, health clinic, or health
department will have the most recent recommendations.
immunizations may be needed depending on the area you are visiting, how long
you will be there, and the purpose of your journey. For example, if you will be
trekking in rural Asia for a month or longer, you may need a vaccine for Japanese encephalitis(What is a PDF document?).2
Ask about a prescription
for antimalarial drugs if you will be visiting an area that has
malaria. Malaria-risk areas of the world include large
areas of Central and South America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, Africa,
the Indian subcontinent, East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and many
South Pacific islands. You may need to take one of several different preventive
medicines depending on the type of malaria parasite in that part of the world.
These medicines need to be taken daily during your travels and for a specified
time after you return. It is important to take all the tablets you were given.
This may mean taking antimalarial tablets for several weeks after you get home. You may also need to sleep under mosquito netting, use insect repellents, and do other things to prevent mosquito bites
A vaccine for traveler's diarrhea and
cholera, called Dukoral, has been approved in Canada
and Europe. But it is not available in the United States.
inspection scores for cruise ships are reported on the CDC website at
Medical care in
developing countries can be below standard. Before you go, get the addresses
and phone numbers of embassies and consulates in the areas you will be
visiting. If you get sick, these offices can help you find medical care. For a
complete list of embassies and consulates, see the U.S. Department of State website at www.usembassy.gov. You can also obtain lists of local doctors and
If you have health
insurance and you are traveling to another country, you may want to find out
how your insurance works outside of the United States. If your insurance
company does not cover you abroad, you may want to think about buying travel