Phosphatidylserine is a fatty substance called a phospholipid. It covers and protects the cells in your brain and carries messages between them.
Phosphatidylserine plays an important role in keeping your mind and memory sharp. Animal studies suggest that the level of this substance in the brain decreases with age.
Charcoal is made from coal, wood, or other substances. It becomes "activated charcoal" when high temperatures combine with a gas or activating agent to expand its surface area.
Why do people take activated charcoal?
People take activated charcoal to manage a poisoning or overdose.
When used along with other treatments, activated charcoal may be effective for an acute poisoning. But it is not useful in some cases, including poisoning from:
It also is not used to treat poisons such as strong acids or bases.
With a poisoning, don't guess about the right thing to do. Call your local poison control center immediately. And get to an emergency room. You need to use activated charcoal as soon as possible if it is recommended.
Other less studied uses of activated charcoal include:
Treat a condition of pregnancy in which the normal flow of bile is affected (cholestasis)
Early research about using activated charcoal to treat cholestasis of pregnancy is very limited. More studies are needed to prove its safety and effectiveness.
It's not clear whether activated charcoal helps improve gas and cholesterol. That's because the research results so far have been inconsistent.
As for hangover remedies with activated charcoal, there isn't really any evidence that it works at all.
The activated charcoal that is used to treat poisoning is a powder that is mixed with a liquid. Once mixed, it can be given as a drink or through a tube that has been placed through the mouth and into the stomach.
Activated charcoal is also available in tablet or capsule forms to treat gas. This form is not used to treat poisoning.
Doctors aren't sure about the best dosage of activated charcoal for treatment of overdose or poisoning. A common initial dosage for an adult is 50 to 100 grams. Repeated doses may help eliminate more unwanted substances. But more research is being done to see how effective this is and what doses should be used.
Children need lower doses depending on their weight and age.
Can you get activated charcoal naturally from foods?
Activated charcoal is a manufactured product. You cannot find it naturally in foods.
What are the risks of taking activated charcoal?
When used to treat a poisoning or overdose, activated charcoal is usually safe.
Side effects are more likely when it is used on a long-term basis to treat conditions like excess gas.
Side effects. When you take it by mouth, activated charcoal can cause:
Be sure to tell your doctor about any supplement you're taking, even if it's natural. That way, your doctor can check on any potential side effects or interactions with medications, foods, or other herbs and supplements. He or she can let you know if the supplement might increase your risks.