Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up
Font Size

Beta-glucans

Beta-glucans are types of fiber found in the cells of certain types of yeast, algae, bacteria, and fungi.

They are also found in certain plants, such as oats and barley.

Recommended Related to Vitamins & Supplements

Chasteberry

Chasteberry is a fruit that grows on flowering shrubs near riverbanks in parts of Asia and the Mediterranean. The fruit is dried and put into: Liquids Capsules Tablets Chasteberry is also sometimes called Monk's pepper.

Read the Chasteberry article > >

Why do people take Beta-glucans?

Beta-glucans made from yeast may help lower cholesterol. Studies have shown that they may slightly lower total cholesterol and LDL "bad" cholesterol. However, they do not seem to affect HDL "good" cholesterol and triglycerides.

Beta-glucans have been studied in people with certain types of cancer. For example, one study showed that combining a type of beta-glucans called lentinan with chemotherapy can help people with gastric cancer live longer. More research is needed to see how effective it might be.

Studies also show that beta-glucans may help people with cervical and head and neck cancers. They may also increase survival time in some people with advanced cancers. Again, more studies are needed.

Beta-glucans do not seem to directly kill cancer. However, scientists think they may help your immune system better fight tumors and bacteria.

Early evidence shows that the supplement's immune-boosting abilities may also be helpful to people with AIDS. It may also lower your risk for infections after surgery and trauma. Further studies will help show if these are true.

Supplement makers sometimes claim that the fiber in beta-glucans supplements can help you feel fuller. This might help you eat less, which could make you lose weight. But, there is not enough evidence to show that beta-glucans can cause weight loss.

Optimal doses of beta-glucans have not been set. Supplement ingredients and quality may vary widely from maker to maker. This makes it hard to set a standard dose.

Beta-glucans have been taken by mouth in studies looking at their effect on people with high cholesterol and diabetes. Research with people affected by HIV/AIDS or serious infections have used injectable forms of beta-glucans. It has also been tried topically on the skin in research in people with burns.

Can you get beta-glucans naturally from foods?

Beta-glucans are commonly found in:

  • Certain mushrooms
  • Grains such as oats and barley
  • Baker's yeast

What are the risks of taking Beta-glucans?

Soluble forms of beta-glucans made from yeast or fungi appear safe when taken by mouth.

Sometimes, doctors prescribe beta-glucans to be given through an IV. Side effects may include:

  • Back pain
  • Blood pressure changes
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Excessive urination
  • Fever
  • Flushing
  • Joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rash
  • Swollen lymph nodes

It's not known if this supplement is safe for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Some types of beta-glucans may not be safe to take if you have certain health conditions. Talk to your doctor before taking this supplement if you have:

  • AIDS or AIDS-related complex (ARC)
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure

Beta-glucans may interfere with some medicines. Talk to your doctor before taking this if you are taking any other medicines. Do not take beta-glucans if you take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or aspirin. Doing so may cause severe damage to your stomach and intestines.

Supplements are not regulated by the FDA.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on January 18, 2013

Vitamins and
Supplements
Lifestyle Guide

Which Nutrients
Are You Missing?

Learn More

Today on WebMD

Woman taking a vitamin or supplement
Article
Man taking a vitamin or supplement
Article
 
clams
Quiz
Woman in sun
Slideshow
 
Flaxseed added fiber
Video
!!69X75_Vitamins_Supplements.jpg
Evaluator
 
Woman sleeping
Article
Woman staring into space with coffee
Article
 
Related Newsletters

Stay Informed with the latest must-read information delivered right to your inbox.