Emu oil comes from the fat of the emu, a large, flightless, Australian bird. People farm emu in the U.S. for their meat, leather, and oil. Aboriginal Australians used emu oil as a treatment for pain and injuries.
In ancient times, people thought chasteberry reduced sexual desire. Monks in the middle ages used the fruit to promote chastity.
Chasteberry is also an age-old folk remedy for helping new moms make more breast milk. However, this is no longer recommended because it is thought to be likely unsafe. It should be avoided in women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
Today, the supplement is widely used in Europe to treat premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Some current research supports such use. Scientists think the supplement tells the body to make less of a hormone called prolactin. Too much prolactin can cause PMS symptoms such as:
Some small studies show that chasteberry can significantly reduce PMS symptoms. One study found that chasteberry cut PMS symptoms by 50% in more than half of the women who took it. Larger long-term studies are needed.
Typical dosages that have been used range from 20 to 40 milligrams of chasteberry extract a day. However, as with many supplements, optimal doses have not been established for any condition. And the quality and active ingredients in supplements may vary widely from maker to maker. This makes it hard to establish a standard dose.
Chasteberry also comes in a liquid form.
Other research hints that chasteberry might help with the following conditions, although the evidence is weak:
Irregular menstrual bleeding
Can you get chasteberry naturally from foods?
Chasteberry supplements are made from the dried fruit of the chasteberry bush. It is manufactured in pill or liquid form.
What are the risks of taking chasteberry?
No serious side effects of chasteberry have been reported.
The side effects of chasteberry may include:
Research sponsored by the FDA Office of Women's Health shows that high doses of chasteberry may damage the liver.
Chasteberry can affect levels of hormones that play a key role in pregnancy, breastfeeding, menstruation, and even some breast cancers. You should not take chasteberry if you:
Chasteberry may interfere with medicines that affect levels of a brain substance called dopamine. Do not take chasteberry if you take:
Certain antipsychotic drugs
Parkinson's disease drugs
Always tell your doctor about any supplements you are taking, including natural ones and those bought without a prescription. That way, your doctor can check on any potential side effects or interactions with any medications.