First, make sure you are seeing a physician who specializes in gout management, such as a rheumatologist. There are medications to treat the inflammation associated with gout flares. There are also medications that exist to treat the underlying metabolic condition called hyperuricimia, which is too much uric acid in the blood.
Dietary management of gout is limited but important to help control the buildup of uric acid in the blood. A low-purine diet is often recommended for people with gout. Laura Rall, PhD, nutrition researcher at Tufts University in Boston says, "Begin by eliminating foods in the 'high-purine' category while reducing your intake of foods in the 'moderate-purine' category. If you don't have gout attacks after trying this, you may add more foods from the 'moderate' category or occasionally try a food from the 'high' category. Using these guidelines, you may be able to determine a safe level of purine consumption and enjoy some of your favorite foods without experiencing attacks."
Foods considered high in purine content include all types of alcoholic beverages; some fish, seafood, and shellfish such as anchovies, sardines, herring, mussels, codfish, scallops, trout, and haddock; and certain meats, such as bacon, turkey, veal, venison, and organ meats like liver.
Foods considered moderate in purine content include meats such as beef, chicken, duck, pork, and crab, lobster, oysters, and shrimp; and vegetables and beans such as asparagus, kidney beans, lentils, lima beans, mushrooms, and spinach.