PINE Overview Information
Pine is a tree. People use the sprouts, needles, and bark to make medicine.
Don’t confuse pine with fir shoots (Picea abies or Abies alba) or man-made “pine oil.”
Pine is used for upper and lower respiratory tract swelling (inflammation), stuffy nose, hoarseness, common cold, cough or bronchitis, fevers, tendency towards infection, and blood pressure problems.
Some people apply pine directly to the skin for mild muscle pain and nerve pain.
How does it work?
Pine contains chemicals that might have activity against pain and swelling (inflammation). It also seems to be mildly effective in killing bacteria and fungus.
- Thinking and memory. Early research suggests that taking vitamin C along with a specific product containing pine extract (Enzogenol) for 5 weeks improves thinking and memory in middle-aged and older men.
- Upper and lower respiratory tract swelling (inflammation).
- Mild muscle pain.
- Nerve pain.
- Blood pressure problems.
- Common cold.
- Other conditions.
PINE Side Effects & Safety
Pine is POSSIBLY SAFE when used appropriately by mouth for short periods of time.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking pine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Asthma, allergy: Pine pollen can cause an increase in allergic symptoms, even in people who test negatively to pine skin tests.
The appropriate dose of pine depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for pine. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.