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Assisted Biofeedback, Biofeedback Therapy, Biofeedback Training, Biofeedback de Variabilité Cardiaque, Bio-rétroaction, Biorretroalimentación, EEG Biofeedback, Electroencephalogram Biofeedback, Electromyography Biofeedback, EMG Biofeedback, Hear...
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BIOFEEDBACK Interactions
BIOFEEDBACK Overview Information

Biofeedback is a training method used to control body processes and functions that might contribute to disease.

Biofeedback is used for treating difficulty in controlling urination (urination incontinence), difficulty in controlling bowel movements (anal incontinence), bed-wetting, constipation, migraine, fibromyalgia, high blood pressure, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and other conditions. Some people also use biofeedback to help them stop smoking.

How does it work?

Biofeedback is a training method that uses electronic equipment to measure signals from the body. This is usually done by placing electrodes at specific locations on the body to measure brain waves, muscle contractions, or other body processes. Electronic equipment senses bodily functions and provides feedback using sight or sound signals such as a flashing light or beep. Biofeedback can help identify abnormal bodily processes, and then it can be used to help control them.

BIOFEEDBACK Uses & Effectiveness What is this?

Insufficient Evidence for:

  • Difficulty in controlling urination (urination incontinence). Developing research suggests that pelvic floor muscle exercise guided by biofeedback significantly helps women with this condition.
  • Difficulty in controlling bowel movements (anal incontinence). Research results are mixed regarding the effectiveness of biofeedback for this condition.
  • Constipation. There is some evidence that biofeedback may help constipation.
  • Bed-wetting and related urine control problems. There is some evidence that biofeedback may help some children with these conditions.
  • Migraine. Developing research suggests that biofeedback might decrease symptoms of migraine headache in women.
  • Fibromyalgia. There is some evidence that electromyography (EMG) biofeedback can significantly reduce pain and tender points in people with fibromyalgia.
  • High blood pressure. Some research suggests that biofeedback training for 12 weeks can significantly lower blood pressure in people with mild high blood pressure.
  • Stroke. An analysis of research to date shows that electromyography (EMG) biofeedback does not significantly help stroke patients recover movement and other body functions. However, most studies have been small and of poor quality, so it’s too early to rule biofeedback out as a possible rehabilitation strategy for stroke.
  • Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  • Depression.
  • Stopping smoking.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of biofeedback for these uses.

BIOFEEDBACK Side Effects & Safety

In general, biofeedback seems to be safe.

One form of biofeedback, called electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback, can cause headaches, tiredness, and dizziness in some people.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of biofeedback during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Epilepsy and other seizure disorders: There is some concern that electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback might increase the risk of seizures in people with epilepsy and other seizure disorders. If you have one of these conditions, don’t use EEG biofeedback.

BIOFEEDBACK Interactions What is this?

Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination

  • Medications that increase the chance of having a seizure interacts with BIOFEEDBACK

    There is some concern that a form of biofeedback called electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback might increase the chance of seizure in some people. Combining this type of biofeedback with medications that also increase the chance of seizure might increase the risk of seizure even more.
    Some drugs that lower the seizure threshold include anesthetics (propofol, others), antiarrhythmics (mexiletine), antibiotics (amphotericin, penicillin, cephalosporins, imipenem), antidepressants (bupropion, others), antihistamines (cyproheptadine, others), immunosuppressants (cyclosporine), narcotics (fentanyl, others), stimulants (methylphenidate), theophylline, and others.


Biofeedback training generally occurs over several sessions. The length of training varies and depends on the individual’s needs.

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Conditions of Use and Important Information: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version. © Therapeutic Research Faculty 2009.

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