BIOFEEDBACK Overview Information
Biofeedback is a training method used to control body processes and functions that might contribute to disease.
Biofeedback is used for treating difficulty in controlling urination (urination incontinence), difficulty in controlling bowel movements (anal incontinence), bed-wetting, constipation, migraine, fibromyalgia, high blood pressure, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, and other conditions. Some people also use biofeedback to help them stop smoking.
How does it work?
Biofeedback is a training method that uses electronic equipment to measure signals from the body. This is usually done by placing electrodes at specific locations on the body to measure brain waves, muscle contractions, or other body processes. Electronic equipment senses bodily functions and provides feedback using sight or sound signals such as a flashing light or beep. Biofeedback can help identify abnormal bodily processes, and then it can be used to help control them.
- Difficulty in controlling urination (urination incontinence). Developing research suggests that pelvic floor muscle exercise guided by biofeedback significantly helps women with this condition.
- Difficulty in controlling bowel movements (anal incontinence). Research results are mixed regarding the effectiveness of biofeedback for this condition.
- Constipation. There is some evidence that biofeedback may help constipation.
- Bed-wetting and related urine control problems. There is some evidence that biofeedback may help some children with these conditions.
- Migraine. Developing research suggests that biofeedback might decrease symptoms of migraine headache in women.
- Fibromyalgia. There is some evidence that electromyography (EMG) biofeedback can significantly reduce pain and tender points in people with fibromyalgia.
- High blood pressure. Some research suggests that biofeedback training for 12 weeks can significantly lower blood pressure in people with mild high blood pressure.
- Stroke. An analysis of research to date shows that electromyography (EMG) biofeedback does not significantly help stroke patients recover movement and other body functions. However, most studies have been small and of poor quality, so it’s too early to rule biofeedback out as a possible rehabilitation strategy for stroke.
- Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
- Stopping smoking.
- Other conditions.
BIOFEEDBACK Side Effects & Safety
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of biofeedback during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Epilepsy and other seizure disorders: There is some concern that electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback might increase the risk of seizures in people with epilepsy and other seizure disorders. If you have one of these conditions, don’t use EEG biofeedback.
Moderate Interaction Be cautious with this combination
- Medications that increase the chance of having a seizure interacts with BIOFEEDBACK
There is some concern that a form of biofeedback called electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback might increase the chance of seizure in some people. Combining this type of biofeedback with medications that also increase the chance of seizure might increase the risk of seizure even more.
Some drugs that lower the seizure threshold include anesthetics (propofol, others), antiarrhythmics (mexiletine), antibiotics (amphotericin, penicillin, cephalosporins, imipenem), antidepressants (bupropion, others), antihistamines (cyproheptadine, others), immunosuppressants (cyclosporine), narcotics (fentanyl, others), stimulants (methylphenidate), theophylline, and others.
Biofeedback training generally occurs over several sessions. The length of training varies and depends on the individual’s needs.