Staging is a way of describing how mild or severe a condition is. The
stage of the
endometriosis is determined by looking at the
fallopian tubes, and
ovaries and inside the abdomen and lower pelvic area.
Usually, this is done with a viewing instrument inserted through a small
incision in the belly (laparoscopy). But endometriosis is
sometimes first found during surgery for an unrelated condition.
Endometriosis is a common and painful disease that affects about 5.5 million women in North America and is one of the top three causes of infertility in women.
During a normal menstrual cycle, the lining of your uterus -- called the endometrium -- begins to thicken in preparation for becoming pregnant. If you don't become pregnant that month, your body sheds the endometrium during menstruation and the process starts over. In endometriosis, for reasons that doctors don't entirely understand,...