Women are usually unconscious when it's done. Many doctors remove a small piece of tissue and test it to confirm the diagnosis of endometriosis.
What Are the Treatments for Endometriosis?
There are three ways to treat endometriosis: watchful waiting, hormone treatments, and surgery. The choice depends on a number of factors including the woman's symptoms, her age, whether fertility is a factor, and the severity of the disease. Menopause usually ends the symptoms, but in women who take estrogen during and after menopause, symptoms may continue.
In watchful waiting, nothing is done. Instead, your doctor regularly checks on your health and symptoms to see if they get worse. Watchful waiting is a good option for women with mild disease who want to bear children, and women approaching menopause. For women who can conceive and want to have a child, pregnancy may alleviate symptoms, probably because it temporarily stops menstrual cycles. In some women, endometriosis symptoms do not return after they have given birth.
As a hormone treatment, your doctor may have you take birth control pills. This treatment can be effective, but in many cases symptoms return after you stop taking the pill.