Skip to content

Women's Health

Select An Article

Hormone Replacement Therapy: Pros and Cons

Font Size

What Are the Pros and Cons of Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Pros:

  • Prevents bone loss that can lead to osteoporosis
  • Relieves symptoms of menopause
  • Lowers risk of colon cancer
  • Lowers risk of macular degeneration, vision loss that occurs when the macula, the part of the retina at the back of the eye that provides sharp, central vision, deteriorates with age

Cons:

Recommended Related to Women

Are You Your Own Worst Enemy?

By Hallie Levine Sklar Maybe The Reason You’re Not Reaching Your Goals Is…You. How To Know, And Simple Ways To Stop Sabotaging Yourself Last week, I hit the supermarket and loaded up on all my favorite junk foods: Krispy Kreme donuts, frozen pizza, and Ben & Jerry's Chunky Monkey ice cream. It's not for me—it's for my husband, I rationalized, as I pushed the cart up and down the aisles. Never mind that my husband was going on a business trip the next day, or that I work from...

Read the Are You Your Own Worst Enemy? article > >

While HRT may help many women get through menopause, the treatment is not risk-free. Known health risks include:

  • An increased risk of endometrial cancer (if a woman still has her uterus and is not taking progesterone along with estrogen)
  • Increased risk of blood clots
  • Increased risk of stroke
  • Increased risk of gallbladder disease
  • Increase in blood pressure in some women
  • Increased risk of larger, more invasive breast cancers (combination HRT only)

The decision to use hormone therapy after menopause should be made by a woman and her health care provider after weighing all of the potential risks (including breast cancer, stroke and blood clots) and benefits (relief of menopause symptoms and prevention of osteoporosis). Scientists are continuing to learn more about the effects of HRT.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD on September 25, 2014
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

hands on abdomen
Test your knowledge.
womans hand on abdomen
Are you ready for baby?
 
birth control pills
Learn about your options.
insomnia
Is it menopause or something else?
 
woman in bathtub
Slideshow
Doctor discussing screening with patient
VIDEO
 
bp app on smartwatch and phone
Slideshow
ovaries in body model
Article
 

Send yourself a link to download the app.

Loading ...

Please wait...

This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.

Thanks!

Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

Blood pressure check
Slideshow
hot water bottle on stomach
Quiz
 
question
Assessment
Attractive young woman standing in front of mirror
Quiz