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Prolapsed Uterus

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Medications

Estrogen (a hormone) cream or suppository ovules or rings inserted into the vagina help in restoring the strength and vitality of tissues in the vagina. But estrogen is only for use in select postmenopausal women.

Surgery

Depending on your age and whether you wish to become pregnant, surgery can repair the uterus or remove it. When indicated, and in severe cases, your uterus can be removed with a hysterectomy. During the surgery, the surgeon can also correct the sagging of the vaginal walls, urethra, bladder, or rectum. The surgery may be performed by an open abdominal procedure, through the vagina, or through small incisions in the abdomen or vagina with specialized instruments.

Other Therapy

If you do not want surgery or are a poor candidate for surgery, you may decide to wear a supportive device, called a pessary, in your vaginal canal to support the falling uterus. You can use this temporarily or permanently. They come in various shapes and sizes and must be fitted to you. If your prolapse is severe, a pessary may not work. Also, pessaries can be irritating inside your vagina and may cause a foul-smelling discharge.

Follow-up

Follow-up depends on how your condition was treated.

  • If you had surgery, you need to follow up according to your surgeon's advice.
  • If you have a pessary inserted in your vagina, it needs to be cleaned and checked by your health care provider for the correct position and fit at regular intervals unless you are instructed on how to remove it and clean it yourself at home.
  • If you have been told to do Kegel exercises, you should have a regular follow-up visit so that your health care provider can check the progress of your muscle strength.

Prevention

 

  • Reduce your weight.
  • Avoid constipation by eating a high-fiber diet.
  • Do Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic muscles.
  • Avoid heavy lifting or straining.

Outlook

Pessaries can be effective temporarily or permanently if they are checked and cleaned as often as necessary. Surgery can support a prolapsed uterus or remove it.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Trina Pagano, MD on November 07, 2013
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