In many cases, you can safely treat a vaginal yeast infection with an over-the-counter medication. You can also try to treat a yeast infection at home with these tips to ease itching, burning, and other symptoms. Just know the three situations in which you should see a doctor, and then you can get started.
When Self-Care Might Be OK
There’s one other question to ask yourself first. Have you had sex with a new partner? Many of the symptoms of a yeast infection -- itching, burning, and vaginal discharge -- can mimic the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
When to See Your Doctor
If any of these three situations sounds like yours, you need a doctor's attention:
- It's the first yeast infection you've ever had. See a doctor to be sure it's not a more serious problem that needs a different treatment, such as a urinary tract infection or STI.
- You're pregnant. Any medications, including over-the-counter vaginal creams, need to be approved by your doctor during pregnancy.
- You often get yeast infections. If you have four or more yeast infections in a year, doctors call it “recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis.” If you have it, you’ll need treatment for up to 6 months with an antifungal medication. Frequent yeast infections can also be a sign that you have diabetes or another medical condition.
If you're concerned about your symptoms or they're different from past yeast infections you've had, you may want to see your doctorfor your own peace of mind. Because symptoms are uncomfortable, some women will ask for a prescription-strength vaginal cream to ease the itching and burning more quickly than an over-the-counter product would.
Tips for Self-Care
There are things you can do to prevent yeast infections from returning, and to treat a yeast infection once you have it.
- Yogurt. Eating yogurt with live cultures of lactobacillus acidophilus -- a natural, "friendly" bacteria -- may help prevent a yeast infection from recurring.
- Acidophilus. Taking supplements containing lactobacillus acidophilus may also help prevent yeast infections.
- Watch what you wear. Avoid tight-fitting pants and wear cotton panties to allow your body to "breathe" and stay cool. Yeast thrives in a moist, warm environment, so keep things airy and dry to prevent a yeast infection from coming back.
- Nonprescription vaginal creams. If you are sure you have a yeast infection based upon a past episode, you could try an over-the-counter medications to treat your symptoms. (“Over the counter” means that you don’t need a prescription to buy it.) These products come in vaginal creams that you insert into the vagina with a plastic applicator, as well as dissolvable tablets or suppositories (oval-shaped doses of the medication you insert into the vagina).