Health Myths: Get the Facts
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs and HIV/AIDS)
Myth: If you
don't have any symptoms, you don't have a sexually transmitted disease/sexually
transmitted infection (STD/STI).
Many STDs/STIs are asymptomatic- without signs or symptoms- while serious
damage is being done to a woman's reproductive organs. The only way to know for
sure if you are or are not infected is to be tested. If you suspect you have a
sexually transmitted infection or if your sexual partner has symptoms, you can
go to your doctor or health department for testing. Talk with a knowledgeable
health care provider or counselor both before and after you are
The surest way
to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases is to abstain from
sexual contact or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a
partner who has been tested and is known to be uninfected.
STDs may be asymptomatic:
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Smoking and Tobacco
or light cigarettes are not as harmful as regular cigarettes.
There is no safe tobacco product. The use of any tobacco product can cause
cancer and other adverse health effects. This includes all forms of tobacco,
including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and spit tobacco; mentholated,
"low-tar," "naturally grown," or "additive-free." The
poisonous ingredients in cigarettes aren't just limited to tar and nicotine. A
typical cigarette contains lead, ammonia (a household cleaner), arsenic (used
in rat poison), benzene (used in making gas), butane gas, carbon monoxide (a
poisonous gas), DDT (a banned insecticide), and polonium 210 (cancer-causing
radioactive element). To reduce your risk for lung cancer, stroke, heart
disease, and reproductive health problems, avoid all tobacco products and
exposure to second-hand smoke.
Women and Smoking: A Report
of the Surgeon General
doesn't happen very often.
Rape and attempted rape happen more often than you may think. According to the
National Violence against Women survey, 1 in 6 women and 1 in 33 men in the
United States have experienced an attempted or completed rape at some time in
their lives. In 8 out of 10 rape cases, the victim knew the perpetrator. The
first step in preventing sexual violence is to identify and understand
vulnerability factors. A vulnerability factor is anything that increases the
likelihood that a person will suffer harm. Vulnerability factors for sexual
violence include: young age, drug or alcohol use, prior history of sexual
violence, multiple sex partners, and poverty.
Prevention Strategies and Links
Truth about Rape