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  • Question 1/8

    Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is:

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    Hypothyroidism means your thyroid is:

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    Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland in the lower part of your neck. It makes thyroid hormones that help you use energy and stay warm. They also keep your brain, heart, muscles, and other organs running normally.

    If you have hypothyroidism, your thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormones to do its job right.

  • Question 1/8

    Men are more likely to have hypothyroidism.

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    Men are more likely to have hypothyroidism.

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    It's more common in women, especially if you're over 50. Still, you can have low thyroid levels at any age. Even babies and older children can have an underactive thyroid.

  • Question 1/8

    Which can be a symptom of hypothyroidism?

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    Which can be a symptom of hypothyroidism?

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    Fatigue, weight gain, numbness and tingling in your hands and, yes, always feeling cold can all be signs that you have low thyroid levels. Symptoms tend to come on slowly over a few years.

  • Question 1/8

    Your doctor can diagnose hypothyroidism with blood tests.

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    Your doctor can diagnose hypothyroidism with blood tests.

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    Hypothyroidism can be tricky to diagnose because your symptoms can look like other conditions.Bloodtests that check how well your thyroid gland is working are the only way to know for sure if you've got it.

    Your doctor will also check for other signs of the condition, like dry skin, hair loss, and a hoarse voice.

  • Question 1/8

    What's the most common cause of hypothyroidism?

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    What's the most common cause of hypothyroidism?

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    When someone has an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks and destroys healthy cells in the body. Some people make proteins that incorrectly attack their thyroid gland, which can lead to hypothyroidism. Hashimoto's disease and other autoimmune diseases are the major causes of hypothyroidism.

    Other reasons for the condition include removal of part or all of the thyroid, radiation treatment, and too much or too little iodine in your diet.

  • Question 1/8

    Hypothyroidism can be controlled with medication.

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    Hypothyroidism can be controlled with medication.

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    You can't cure hypothyroidism, but with the right dose of medicine, you'll start to feel better and symptoms typically go away. People with the condition take daily pills to replace the hormones that their thyroid can't make. 

    It may take a few tries to get the dose right. If you don't get enough replacement hormone, you may still have symptoms. If you get too much, your thyroid might become overactive (hyperthyroidism).

  • Question 1/8

    If you don't treat your hypothyroidism, you could get:

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    If you don't treat your hypothyroidism, you could get:

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    Without treatment, you may have a higher risk of heart disease. That's because people with hypothyroidism may have high levels of LDL "bad" cholesterol, which can cause fatty deposits in your arteries.

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    You can prevent hypothyroidism through diet and exercise.

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    You can prevent hypothyroidism through diet and exercise.

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    There's nothing you can do to prevent the condition. But be on the lookout for symptoms, and see your doctor if you're concerned.

    With the right treatment, you can manage the disease and live a normal and healthy life.

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Sources | Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on December 20, 2016 Medically Reviewed on December 20, 2016

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on
December 20, 2016

IMAGE PROVIDED BY:

     1) Getty RF

SOURCES:

American Thyroid Association: "Hypothyroidism."

Cleveland Clinic: "Hypothyroidism."

Familydoctor.org: "Hypothyroidism."

Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Hypothyroidism."

Kaiser Permanente: "The Truth About Thyroid Disorders."

Kidshealth.org: "Blood Test: TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)."

Womenshealth.gov: "Thyroid Disease Fact Sheet."

National Health Service: "Underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism) -- Complications."

This tool does not provide medical advice.
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