Pap Test: Collecting Cells in Liquid - Topic Overview
Liquid-based methods for collecting cervical cells and preparing them for laboratory evaluation are now available. A sample of cervical cells is collected during a Pap test,and the cells are then rinsed in a liquid vial instead of being smeared on slides. The vials are taken to the laboratory,and a thin layer of the specimen is put on slides for microscopic examination. Only a small portion ...
A Pap test is done to look for changes in the cells of the cervix.
Abnormal Pap Test While Pregnant - Topic Overview
Pregnancy does not seem to increase the progression of abnormal cervical cell changes. The presence of abnormal cervical cell changes or HPV does not affect the outcome of the pregnancy. Close monitoring is needed so that you and your health professional can make the best treatment decisions at each stage of the pregnancy. An abnormal Pap test may be evaluated further with colposcopy. ...
The Bethesda System (TBS) - Topic Overview
The Bethesda system (TBS) of classifying Pap tests was developed by the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) to provide more detailed information about Pap test results. When lab specialists examine cervical cells,they use this system to report the lab results to doctors. Your doctor receives the report from the lab. The report tells your doctor if the cell sample taken during the ...
Laparotomy for Pelvic Problems - Topic Overview
A laparotomy is a surgical procedure that allows the surgeon to visually inspect the abdominal cavity through an incision in the abdomen. Laparotomy may be used in the diagnosis and treatment of female pelvic conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID),endometriosis,uterine fibroids,ovarian cysts,and ectopic pregnancy. Laparotomy is usually done under general anesthesia. ...
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Happens
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) usually starts with a bacterial infection and inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) caused by gonorrhea or chlamydia.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Surgery
Surgery is not usually done to treat pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) unless it is needed to: Drain or remove an abscess, such as a tubo - ovarian abscess. Cut scar tissue (adhesions) that is causing pain. Surgery is occasionally used when a diagnosis is
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Treatment Overview
Untreated pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can produce scar tissue (adhesions) that can cause ongoing (chronic) pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Prevention
You can take measures to prevent developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) by using condoms to protect yourself against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Topic Overview
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a general term for infection and inflammation of the upper reproductive organs in women. It is often, though not always, a complication of a sexually transmitted disease (STD). PID may include infection and inflammatio